Igata, M. ., Hendriksen , A. ., & Heijman, W. . (2008). Agricultural outsourcing: A comparison between the Netherlands and Japan. Applied Studies in Agribusiness and Commerce, 2(1-2), 29–33. https://doi.org/10.19041/APSTRACT/2008/1-2/4
Outsourcing may well be a tool for increasing the efficiency of Japanese agriculture. However, outsourcing is not frequently used by Japanese farmers in their day-to-day management. This has resulted in a weakly developed market for agricultural contracting services. In order to take a closer look at the reasons for making use of outsourcing, a comparative study was carried out between the agricultural contracting sector in Japan and that in the Netherlands, where agricultural outsourcing is a regular practice. In the Netherlands, especially small, diversified farms that lack sufficient labour tend to outsource agricultural work; in Japan, the situation is far less clear. Cultural factors possibly play an important role.