Vol. 6 No. 5 (2012)
Articles

Impact of economic globalization on the human trafficking in the Greater Mekong Sub-region countries

Published December 31, 2012
Suk-Rutai Peerapeng
Faculty of Economics Institution Chiang Mai University
Prasert Chaitip
Faculty of Economics, Chiang Mai University
Chukiat Chaiboonsri
Faculty of Economics Institution Chiang Mai University
Sándor Kovács
Department of Economic Analysis and Statistics, Faculty of Applied Economics and Rural Development, Centre of Agricultural and Technical Sciences, University of Debrecen
Péter Balogh
Department of Economic Analysis and Statistics, Faculty of Applied Economics and Rural Development, Centre of Agricultural and Technical Sciences, University of Debrecen
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APA

Peerapeng, S.-R. ., Chaitip, P. ., Chaiboonsri, . C. ., Kovács, . S. ., & Balogh, P. . (2012). Impact of economic globalization on the human trafficking in the Greater Mekong Sub-region countries. Applied Studies in Agribusiness and Commerce, 6(5), 123-130. https://doi.org/10.19041/APSTRACT/2012/5/20

This study examines the impact of economic globalization on the human trafficking inflows into the Greater Mekong Sub-region (GMS) countries. The paper empirically tests for a cross-section of six countries, including Cambodia, the Yunnan Province of the People’s Republic of China (PRC), Lao People’s Democratic Republic (Lao PRD), Myanmar, Thailand, and Vietnam. Employing the Pooled OLS estimator, as the theory predicts, the economic globalization increases trafficking inflow into the GMS. However, only foreign direct investment (FDI) affects the degree of trafficking of persons, while the effect of trade is insignificant. Moreover, Exchange rate, Migration, Population and Democracy induce higher rates of trafficked persons, whereas Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and other factors, such as education, vocational training and micro-finance through village development funds decrease this problem in the region. Gross National Income per capita (GNI per capita) and rule of law do not have any significant effect on human trafficking.