Production of sunflower oil are expected to serve larger and larger extent – over the demand of food industry and chemical industry – biofuel production. This could be especially true for that areas where climate is not allowed to grow winter rape safely and economically. Ecological role of honey-bees can be considered undoubtful in preservation of biodiversity of flora and fauna. I analyse the following problems in our study: • What is the significance of oil plants in European and Hungarian energy production? • How influence pollination the yields and the safety of production of oil plants? • What is the role of oil plants in the development of production structure of beekeeping? • What are the economical advantages of the above-mentioned effects?