Vol. 3 No. 3-4 (2009)

The institutional determinants of bilateral Agricultural and food trade

Published September 30, 2009
Štefan Bojnec
University of Primorska, Faculty of Management Koper
Imre Fertő
Institute of Economics, Hungarian Academy of Sciences


Bojnec, Štefan ., & Fertő, I. (2009). The institutional determinants of bilateral Agricultural and food trade. Applied Studies in Agribusiness and Commerce, 3(3-4), 53–57. https://doi.org/10.19041/APSTRACT/2009/3-4/12

The paper investigates the effects of the institutional determinants on trade in agricultural and food products among the OECD countries using a gravity model approach. We focus on the impact of the quality of governance and the similarity of institutions in explaining variation in bilateral agricultural and food trade patterns. Results confirmed the separate effects for the institutional similarity and the institutional quality on trade patterns. The institutional similarity has positive and significant impact on trade in a similar institutional framework for agricultural, but less for food products. The institutional quality has significant positive impact on trade in both agricultural and food products for importing countries.