Vol. 25 No. 3-4 (2019)
Articles

A preliminary study on some features of two new resistant apple cultivars in a multi-row planting system

Published December 19, 2019
Á. Csihon
University of Debrecen, Faculty of the Agricultural and Food Sciences and Environmental Management, Institute of Horticulture, 138. Böszörményi str., Debrecen, H-4032, Hungary
I. Gonda
University of Debrecen, Faculty of the Agricultural and Food Sciences and Environmental Management, Institute of Horticulture, 138. Böszörményi str., Debrecen, H-4032, Hungary
P. Vámos
University of Debrecen, Faculty of the Agricultural and Food Sciences and Environmental Management, Institute of Horticulture, 138. Böszörményi str., Debrecen, H-4032, Hungary
D. Barna
University of Debrecen, Faculty of the Agricultural and Food Sciences and Environmental Management, Institute of Crop Sciences, Department of Agriculture Botany and Crop Physiology, 138. Böszörményi str., Debrecen, H-4032, Hungary
I. J. Holb
University of Debrecen, Faculty of the Agricultural and Food Sciences and Environmental Management, Institute of Horticulture, 138. Böszörményi str., Debrecen, H-4032, Hungary
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APA

Csihon, Á., Gonda, I., Vámos, P., Barna, D., & Holb, I. J. (2019). A preliminary study on some features of two new resistant apple cultivars in a multi-row planting system. International Journal of Horticultural Science, 25(3-4), 11-14. https://doi.org/10.31421/IJHS/25/3-4/3929

The aim of this work was to report preliminary results on some features of two new resistant apple cultivars (cvs. ‘Galiwa’ and ‘Story Inored’) in multi-row system in the early bearing years of the orchard. Trees were planted in spring of 2015 in double row design (3.5 m+1.4 m x 1.0 m) with planting density of 5357 tree/ha. According to our results cv. ‘Story Inored’ presented more vigorous growth, than cv. ‘Galiwa’. Trees of cv. ‘Story Inored’ reached 2.7 m in the third year, but cv. ‘Galiwa’ could reach only 1.95 meter. Due to late spring frost 100% yield loss was observed in the second year. In 2017 cv. ‘Galiwa’ produced 5.3 kg/tree (25 fruit/tree), while cv. ‘Story Inored’ presented 7.7 kg/tree (50 fruit/tree). Average yield was 28.4 t/ha for cv. ‘Galiwa’, as ‘Story Inored’ reached 41.3 t/ha in the third year. Cultivar ‘Galiwa’ reached the required fruit size (79.1 mm), but its coloration was weaker (43% fruit surface color). Cultivar ‘Story Inored’ can be described with smaller fruit size (69 mm) and higher percentage of surface color (93%).

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