Vol. 22 No. 1-2 (2016)


Mechanical and physical control in apple orchards as preventative fungal disease management

Published April 10, 2016
I. J. Holb
University of Debrecen, Faculty of Agriculture, Institute of Horticulture, 138. Böszörményi str., Debrecen, H-4032, Hungary
Malus x domestica Bork. mechanical and physical control apple fungal diseases pruning, removal and shredding of leaf litter burying and flaming of leaf litter
How to Cite
Selected stlye: APA
Holb, I. J. (2016). Mechanical and physical control in apple orchards as preventative fungal disease management. International Journal of Horticultural Science, 22(1-2), 19–21. https://doi.org/10.31421/IJHS/22/1-2./1178

This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

In this minreview, mechanical and physical control against apple fungal diseases among non-chemical control approaches were summarized. This overview listed five groups of mechanical and physical control methods:  pruning, removal of inoculum sources, shredding of leaf litter, burying of inoculum sources and flaming of leaf litter. These methods were shown to reduce succesfully infection potential of inoculum sources in orchards and these non-chemical control measures are one of the most essential approaches for preventative fungal disease management. However, most of these methods are not widely spread in the apple-growing practice due to relatively low control efficacy, medium to high labour costs and/or time limits during the season.


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