Vol. 12 No. 2 (2006)

Articles

Review of the self-incompatibility in apple (Malus x domestica Borkh., syn.: Malus pumila Mill.)

Published April 19, 2006
Author
A. Hegedűs
Corvinus University of Budapest, Faculty of Food Science, Department of Applied Chemistry, 1118 Budapest, Villányi út 29., Hungary
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Keywords
apple Malus spp. self-incompatibility S-genotype transgenic plants
How to Cite
Selected stlye: APA
Hegedűs, A. (2006). Review of the self-incompatibility in apple (Malus x domestica Borkh., syn.: Malus pumila Mill.). International Journal of Horticultural Science, 12(2), 31–36. https://doi.org/10.31421/IJHS/12/2/632
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Copyright (c) 2018 International Journal of Horticultural Science

This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Apple (Malus x domestica Borkh.) is one of the most important fruit crops showing ribonuclease-mediated self-incompatibility, and no self-compatible apple cultivars are known. Twenty-nine S-alleles were identified in apple and many more incompatibility groups are present compared to sweet cherry. Results from a Belgian, English and a Japanese research group are combined and the S-genotypes of the most important world cultivars are collected. Two different allele labelling system are reconciled and detection methods used in case of the specific alleles are shown. Effects of the resistance breeding programmes are discussed; and scientific efforts involving transgenic technology to create self-compatible genotypes are shown. This review covers the most interesting issues regarding self-incompatibility in apple.

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