Vol 14 No 4 (2008)
Cikkek

Evaluation of some Achillea L. accessions based on morphological, cytological and chemical characteristics

Published December 8, 2008
K. Inotai
Department of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, Corvinus University of Budapest, H- 1518 Budapest, Villányi Str 29-43. Hungary
É. Németh
Department of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, Corvinus University of Budapest, H- 1518 Budapest, Villányi Str 29-43. Hungary
I. Pintér
Department of Genetics, Eötvös Lorand University, H- 1119 Pázmány Péter sétány 1/c. Hungary
K. Jager
Agricultural Research Institute of the Hungarian Scientific Academy, H- 2462 Martonvásár, Brunszvik u. 2. Hungary
Sz. Sárosi
Department of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, Corvinus University of Budapest, H- 1518 Budapest, Villányi Str 29-43. Hungary
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How to Cite

APA

Inotai, K., Németh, É., Pintér, I., Jager, K., & Sárosi, S. (2008). Evaluation of some Achillea L. accessions based on morphological, cytological and chemical characteristics. International Journal of Horticultural Science, 14(4), 69-74. https://doi.org/10.31421/IJHS/14/4/1537

Abstract

Taxonomical evaluation of six taxa of the Achillea aggregate was carried out to determine their potential for breeding and cultivation. We used complex morphological, cytological and chemical aspects of characterisation. Three taxa of tetraploid genom and high chamazulene contents (33-40% ess.oil) proved to be A. collina Becker. A strain of wild origin had also high -bisabolol content and high oil level, comparable with the selected cultivars. A population was identified as new chemotype of A. pannonica Scheele with typical morphological and cytological traits, a wide sesquiterpene spectrum but lacking of 1.8 cineole and -pinene. We found a mixed population which consisted of both A. collina and A. pannonica plants. A tetraploid, azuleneless taxon could be concluded as A. pratensis Saukel and Langer not described before in Hungary. The diverse performance of the populations calls the attention to the significance of controlled plant raw in phytopharmaceutical products.

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