Vol. 10 No. 2 (2004)
Articles

Some structural characteristics of the flowers of apple cultivars with different susceptibilty to fire blight

Published May 10, 2004
A. Radvánszky
University of Szeged Department of Botany and Botanic Garden, H-6701 Szeged, F.O.B. 657
E. Mihalik
University of Szeged Department of Botany and Botanic Garden, H-6701 Szeged, F.O.B. 657
L. Dorgai
Bay Zoltán Institute for Biotechnology Szeged, H-6726 Szeged, Derkovits fasor 2.
T. Bubán
Research and Extension Center for Fruit Growing, Újfehértó Hungary
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APA

Radvánszky, A., Mihalik, E., Dorgai, L., & Bubán, T. (2004). Some structural characteristics of the flowers of apple cultivars with different susceptibilty to fire blight. International Journal of Horticultural Science, 10(2), 21-23. https://doi.org/10.31421/IJHS/10/2/456

Several morphological characters of the hypanthium (size and form of the surface, the shape of the hypanthium) and anatomical traits (number and pattern of stomata) of apple cultivars (Malus domestica L.) with different susceptibility to fire blight were studied. The size of hypantium surface was calculated by modelling the hypanthium with a truncated cone. Three types of hypanthium surface form have been revealed: straight, convex and a complex "shouldered" one. The angle between the style and the wall of the hypanthium was narrow or wide. The stomata on the hypanthium surface can be arranged in a zone in the middle third of the hypanthium or dispersed more or less evenly. The number of stomata/flower substantially differed among the cultivars examined. The highest stomata number was detected in the flowers of the tolerant cultivar (Freedom)

No single characteristics of the hypanthium could convincingly be correlated with susceptibility to fire blight. We suggest, however, that combination of morphological properties that sustain moist environment in the hypanthium contribute to susceptibility.

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