Vol. 10 No. 2 (2004)
Articles

Floral biological studies on pear cultivars in relation to fire blight susceptibility

Published May 10, 2004
A. Farkas
University of Pécs, Institute of Biology, Department of Botany, H-7624 Pécs, Ifjúság u. 6., Hungary
Zs. Orosz-Kovács
University of Pécs, Institute of Biology, Department of Botany, H-7624 Pécs, Ifjúság u. 6., Hungary
T. Bubán
Research and Extension Centre for Fruit Growing, Újfehértó, H-4244 Újfehértó, Vadastag 2., Hungary
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APA

Farkas, A., Orosz-Kovács, Z., & Bubán, T. (2004). Floral biological studies on pear cultivars in relation to fire blight susceptibility. International Journal of Horticultural Science, 10(2), 25-30. https://doi.org/10.31421/IJHS/10/2/457

Floral biological characteristics that may influence cultivar susceptibility to fire blight were studied in 10 pear cultivars in two Hungarian orchards from 1999 to 2003. The receptaculo-ovarial, automorphic nectary is usually bigger in tolerant cultivars than in susceptible ones. Nectary stomata are meso- or xeromorphic. Susceptible cultivars tend to have more xeromorphic stomata, where guard cells are located 1-3 cell rows below the epidermis. The size of nectar chambers is usually smaller in susceptible cultivars. Floral nectar, consisting mainly of glucose and fructose, is more abundant and less concentrated if the cultivar is susceptible to fire blight. The amount of chlorogenic acid was higher in the flowers of tolerant cultivars than in susceptible ones.

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