No. 44 (2011)
Articles

Parameter optimization of an inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometer for measuring arsenic and selenium

Published November 20, 2011
Dávid Andrási
Institute of Food Science, Quality Assurance and Microbiology, Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences and Environmental Management, University of Debrecen
Anita Puskás-Preszner
Institute of Food Science, Quality Assurance and Microbiology, Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences and Environmental Management, University of Debrecen
Zsuzsa Tarján
Institute of Food Science, Quality Assurance and Microbiology, Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences and Environmental Management, University of Debrecen
Béla Kovács
Institute of Food Science, Quality Assurance and Microbiology, Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences and Environmental Management, University of Debrecen
Zoltán Győri
Institute of Food Science, Quality Assurance and Microbiology, Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences and Environmental Management, University of Debrecen
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APA

Andrási, D., Puskás-Preszner, A., Tarján, Z., Kovács, B., & Győri, Z. (2011). Parameter optimization of an inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometer for measuring arsenic and selenium. Acta Agraria Debreceniensis, (44), 81-85. https://doi.org/10.34101/actaagrar/44/2611

In the last decades, an increased interest has evolved in arsenic and selenium. The aim is to understand the environmental, agricultural and biological roles of these elements. In the case of arsenic, the major reasons are the relatively high concentration of arsenic in marine biota (mg kg-1) and the arsenic contaminated drinking water bases of some Asian countries, as well as Hungary. The toxicity of higher level selenium content is also known; nevertheless, selenium is essential for several biological functions. Considering its essentialness, in our country, the insufficient selenium intake rate causes a lack of selenium. Measuring the concentrations of these elements provides crucial, but unsatisfactory information, as the speciation, i.e. the form of an element presented in a sample is also required.
In both cases, the most suitable method to determine concentration is inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). Our objective was to optimize the variable parameters of the ICP-MS to attain the lowest (the best) detection limit. For this purpose, we investigated the effect of parameter change on net signal intensity and relative signal intensity. With the optimized parameter settings, the limits of detection for arsenic and selenium were determined, which are 0,032 ng dm-3 for arsenic, and 0,097 ng dm-3 for selenium. 

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