E. A. T. Picoli Departamento de Biologia Vegetal, Universidade Federal de Vigosa, 36571-000, Vigosa, MG, Brazil
W. C. Otoni Departamento de Biologia Vegetal, Universidade Federal de Vigosa, 36571-000, Vigosa, MG, Brazil
P. R. Cecon Departamento de Informatica, Universidade Federal de Vicosa, MG, Brazil
M. Fári Agricultural Biotechnology Center (ABC), Gödöllő, Szent-Györgyi A. u. 4, H-2100, Hungary/ Consultant, Codevasf/Embrapa/Agroinvest, Embrapa Semi-Arido (CPATSA), Br 428, Km 152, Zona Rural, Petrolina-PE, Brazil
Picoli, E. A. T., Otoni, W. C., Cecon, P. R., & Fári, M. (2000). Influence of antiobiotics on NAA- induced somatic embryogenesis in eggplant (Solanum melongena L. cv. Embil). International Journal of Horticultural Science, 6(4), 88–95. https://doi.org/10.31421/IJHS/6/4/232
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The influence of increasing concentrations of naphthaleneacetic acid and the antibiotics cefotaxime, timentin, kanamycin, and hygromycin on eggplant (Solantun melongena L. cv. Embil) somatic embryogenesis was investigated. Cotyledon explants were excised from 16 to 20 days old in vitro grown seedlings. NAA promoted somatic embryogenesis, although its concentrations had no influence on the mean number of embryos. Callusing decreaSed significantly with increasing NAA concentrations. Morphogenesis was stopped with 50 to 100 mg L-1 kanamycin and 7.5 to 15 mg L-1 hygromycin. Although early globular embryos were observed up to 15 mg L-1, further embryo development was inhibited at 10 mg L-1. Interestingly, cefotaxime (250 and 500 mg L-1) promoted a marked effect on enhancing fresh weight of calli, accompanied by decrease in embryo regeneration, whereas timentin concentrations (150 and 300 mg L-1) did not affect embryo differentiation as compared to the control treatment.