Vol. 18 No. 1 (2012)
Articles

Irrigation management of a peach orchard

Published April 25, 2012
A. Nagy
University of Debrecen, Centre of Agricultural Sciences and Engineering, Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences and Environmental Management, Institute of Water and Environmental Management, H-4032 Debrecen, Böszörményi 138, Hungary
P. Riczu
University of Debrecen, Centre of Agricultural Sciences and Engineering, Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences and Environmental Management, Institute of Water and Environmental Management, H-4032 Debrecen, Böszörményi 138, Hungary
J. Tamás
University of Debrecen, Centre of Agricultural Sciences and Engineering, Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences and Environmental Management, Institute of Water and Environmental Management, H-4032 Debrecen, Böszörményi 138, Hungary
Z. Szabó
University of Debrecen, Institute for Research and Development, H-4032 Debrecen, Böszörményi 138, Hungary
J. Nyéki
University of Debrecen, Institute for Research and Development, H-4032 Debrecen, Böszörményi 138, Hungary
M. Soltész
Collage of Kecskemét, Faculty of Horticulture, H-6000 Erdei Ferenc tér 1–3.
pdf

APA

Nagy, A., Riczu, P., Tamás, J., Szabó, Z., Nyéki, J., & Soltész, M. (2012). Irrigation management of a peach orchard. International Journal of Horticultural Science, 18(1), 19-24. https://doi.org/10.31421/IJHS/18/1/988

The research field was at Siófok, in Hungary, which is situated in the South East side of Lake Balaton. The physical characteristic of the soil is sandy loam and loam and the peach orchard is irrigated. Mainly Sweet Lady (early ripening), Red Heaven (medium ripening) and Weinberger (early ripening) species were installed. In order to achieve the optimal developement level of trees and maximal yield amount and fruit diameter (Sweet Lady 60–75 mm, Red Heaven 60–70 mm, Veinberger 50–60 mm) continous water and nutrient supply is required. The irrigation modeling was set by CROPWAT 8.0 based on the climatic, crop and soil data inputs of the last 10 years. Based on the results, large amount of water is needed for optimal growth of fruit trees, particularly in the summer months, in case of active ground cover (+) and bare soil (–) as well. The irrigation requirement of a tree was found maximum 4 l/hour in certain cases. This irrigation intensity can be achieved – calculated with 12-hour operating time – by using continuous water NAAN Tif drip tube with 2 l/h flux on 3 atm pressure with 16 mm pipe diameter. If lower irrigation intensity is required irrigation can be controlled by the decreased the operation time.

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