No. 2 (2020)


Examination of different fungicides against Macrophomina phaseolina in laboratory conditions

Published December 1, 2020
Kitti Csüllög
, Gábor Tarcali
University of Debrecen Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences and Environmental Management Plant Protection Institute, Böszörményi street 138, 4032 Debrecen, Hungary
Macrophomina phaseolina in vitro fungicide azoxystrobin ciprochonazol prochloraz pyraclostrobin
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Csüllög, K., & Tarcali, G. (2020). Examination of different fungicides against Macrophomina phaseolina in laboratory conditions. Acta Agraria Debreceniensis, (2), 65–69.

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In Hungary, sunflower is the third most important arable crop, which has a lot of pathogenic fungi. One of these fungi is the Macrophomina phaseolina, which is a well-known fungus in all over the world, since this pathogen has more than 700 host plants. In Hungary, several host plants can be found as well. The M. phaseolina produces microsclerotia, which can survive in the soil and residues for almost 10 years. For now, there is no efficient treatment against this pathogen because of this fungus, since it is extremely resistant and cannot be destroyed easily. The only effective treatment against the fungus is genetic defence. In this study, three different fungicides were tested in vitro against the fungus. The Mirage (prochloraz) seemed to be the most effective fungicide as it completely arrested the hyphal growth. In contrast, the Amistar Xtra (azoxystrobin and ciprochonazol) has only a minor effect on the growth of M. phaseolina. Thirdly, the Retengo (pyrachlostrobin) arrested the hyhpal growth of the fungus with 71% at 100 ppm, in other words, the use of this fungicide seems promising. 


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