No. 1 (2022)
Articles

Examination of the efficacy of different fungicides against Macrophomina phaseolina and Sclerotinia sclerotiorum in laboratory conditions

Published May 26, 2022
Kitti Csüllög
a:1:{s:5:"en_US";s:9:"Hungarian";}
Györgyi Biró
Joycline David Gonsalves
1University of Debrecen Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences and Environmental Management Plant Protection Institute, Böszörményi Street 138, 4032 Debrecen, Hungary
Stoweka Maneno Sanga
University of Debrecen Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences and Environmental Management Plant Protection Institute, Böszörményi Street 138, 4032 Debrecen, Hungary
Nowrin Mostafa Tuly
1University of Debrecen Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences and Environmental Management Plant Protection Institute, Böszörményi Street 138, 4032 Debrecen, Hungary
Abdul Kareem Abushawish
University of Debrecen Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences and Environmental Management Plant Protection Institute, Böszörményi Street 138, 4032 Debrecen, Hungary
Gyula Tóth
Cintia Vartek
University of Debrecen Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences and Environmental Management Plant Protection Institute, Böszörményi Street 138, 4032 Debrecen, Hungary
Nóra Ernhardt
University of Debrecen Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences and Environmental Management Plant Protection Institute, Böszörményi Street 138, 4032 Debrecen, Hungary
Gábor Tarcali
András Csótó
University of Debrecen Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences and Environmental Management Plant Protection Institute, Böszörményi Street 138, 4032 Debrecen, Hungary
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APA

Csüllög, K., Biró, G., Gonsalves, J. D., Sanga, S. M., Tuly, N. M., Abushawish, A. K., Tóth, G., Vartek, C., Ernhardt, N., Tarcali, G., & Csótó, A. (2022). Examination of the efficacy of different fungicides against Macrophomina phaseolina and Sclerotinia sclerotiorum in laboratory conditions. Acta Agraria Debreceniensis, (1), 21–24. https://doi.org/10.34101/actaagrar/1/10692

Macrophomina phaseolina and Sclerotinia sclerotiorum are two significant fungal pathogens of sunflower. M. phaseolina causes charcoal rot and ashy stem blight in several important crop species. Sclerotinia sclerotiorum causes white mold disease which can occur as middle stalk rot, head rot and premature plant death. Due to the wide host range of the two pathogens and their survival structures, crop rotation cannot provide sufficient protection against them. In our experiment, we selected two fungicides, Mirage and Prosaro, which are widely used in practice, and we tested their efficacy against the two pathogens. The efficiency of these fungicides was tested at a concentration of 10; 20; 50; 100 and 500 ppm. The Prosaro totally inhibited the mycelial growth of both pathogens at a concentration of 50 ppm, 100 ppm and 500 ppm. The Mirage caused total mycelial growth inhibition in all treatments against both pathogens.

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