Vol 18 No 1 (2012)
Articles

Assessment of soil characteristics in orchard

Published April 25, 2012
A. Nagy
University of Debrecen, Centre of Agricultural Sciences and Engineering, Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences and Environmental Management, Institute of Water and Environmental Management, H-4032 Debrecen, Böszörményi str. 138, Hungary
T. Fórián
University of Debrecen, Centre of Agricultural Sciences and Engineering, Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences and Environmental Management, Institute of Water and Environmental Management, H-4032 Debrecen, Böszörményi str. 138, Hungary
J. Tamás
University of Debrecen, Centre of Agricultural Sciences and Engineering, Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences and Environmental Management, Institute of Water and Environmental Management, H-4032 Debrecen, Böszörményi str. 138, Hungary
Z. Szabó
University of Debrecen, Institute for Research and Development, H-4032 Debrecen, Böszörményi str. 138, Hungary
J. Nyéki
University of Debrecen, Institute for Research and Development, H-4032 Debrecen, Böszörményi str. 138, Hungary
M. Soltész
Collage of Kecskemét, Faculty of Horticulture, H-6000 Erdei Ferenc tér 1–3.
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How to Cite

APA

Nagy, A., Fórián, T., Tamás, J., Szabó, Z., Nyéki, J., & Soltész, M. (2012). Assessment of soil characteristics in orchard. International Journal of Horticultural Science, 18(1), 11-14. https://doi.org/10.31421/IJHS/18/1/986

Abstract

The research field was at Siófok, in Hungary, which is situated in the South East side of Lake Balaton. The physical characteristic of the soil is sandy loam and loam and the peach orchard is irrigated. The detailed goals were mapping and analyzing of physical properties of the soil in water management point of view, mapping the acidity and CaCO3content of soil for precision liming, measurement of humus the element content. Sites with different physical characteristics (from sandy loam to loamy clay) could be distinguished. The reason for this is that besides the possible increase of clayminerals, the increasing rate of colloidal humus content contributes to larger soil plasticity. Statistics also proved positive and strong correlation (r=0.822) between the soil plasticity and humus content. In the case of pH, only a small part of the orchard is has to be limed, since most of the orchard has neutral pH, which is advantageous for nuts and stone fruits. It has to be mentioned, that the CaCO3 supply is also appropriate for the stone fruits. Based on the results hyperspectral imagery can be a good solution for detecting calciferous soils, although these measurements are still need validation.

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