Vol. 15 No. 4 (2009)
Articles

Simultaneousness of reproductive organs of sour cherry cultivars adaptable to Iranian climatic condition

Published September 2, 2009
G. Davarynejad
Horticultural Department, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Iran
M. Ansari
Horticultural Department, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Iran
T. Szabó
Fruit Research and Extension Institute, Újfehértó, Hungary
J. Tornyai
Institutes for Research and Development, Debrecen University, Debrecen, Hungary
M. Soltész
Institutes for Research and Development, Debrecen University, Debrecen, Hungary
J. Nyéki
Institutes for Research and Development, Debrecen University, Debrecen, Hungary
Z. Szabó
Institutes for Research and Development, Debrecen University, Debrecen, Hungary
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APA

Davarynejad, G., Ansari, M., Szabó, T., Tornyai, J., Soltész, M., Nyéki, J., & Szabó, Z. (2009). Simultaneousness of reproductive organs of sour cherry cultivars adaptable to Iranian climatic condition. International Journal of Horticultural Science, 15(4), 25-31. https://doi.org/10.31421/IJHS/15/4/836

Observations were made on simultaneousness of pollen shedding and stigma viability ratio, to clarify the phenology of reproductive organs of nine economically important sour cherry (Prunus cerasus L.) cultivars (‘Érdi bôtermô‘, ‘Debreceni bőtermő‘, ‘Csengődi‘, ‘Kántorjánosi 3‘, ‘Újfehértói fürtös‘, ‘Petri‘, ‘Eva‘, ‘Oblascinszka‘, and ‘Pándy 279’). The main aim was investigation the possible influence of environmental cues in timing and development of phenophases and also responses of different cultivars to seasonal cues. Likely effects of climatic changes on phenological development patterns were also considered. Results showed important aspects of the reproductive biology of sour cherry flowers. The amplitude of the phenophase “beginning of blossoming” between cultivars did not exceed 6 days. There is a maximum 3 day difference in the blooming length of different directions in each cultivar. ‘Pándy 279‘ showed high variability when the position of flowers changed on the tree shoots. ‘Újfehértói fürtös‘ was stable in all four directions of the tree. The pollen shedding period and stigma viability ratio were synchronous. Pollen shedding phenomenon simultaneously occurred with the secretary activities of stigmas in all examined cultivars. Distribution of pollen shedding over the secretary activity of stigmas is almost good. In all five cultivars maximum pollen shedding occurred when the temperature was high during the day. In general the results of this experiment and our previous studies clearly demonstrate that the Pándy groups not recommended for plantation in new orchards of Iran.

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