Vol 13 No 4 (2007)
Articles

Epidemiological survey of Xanthomonas arboricola pv. juglandis and Gnomonia leptostyla on natural population of walnut (Juglans regia) in eastern Transylvania

Published October 16, 2007
R. Thiesz
Department of Horticulture, Faculty of Technical Science, Sapientia Hungarian University of Transylvania, Ro-540485, POB 9, Cp.4, Tg-Mures/Corunca, Sighisoara str. 1C. Romania
A. Bandi
Department of Horticulture, Faculty of Technical Science, Sapientia Hungarian University of Transylvania, Ro-540485, POB 9, Cp.4, Tg-Mures/Corunca, Sighisoara str. 1C. Romania
M. Tóth
Department of Pomology, Faculty of Horticulture Science, Corvinus University Budapest, 1118 Budapest, Villányi str 29-43
A. Balog
Department of Horticulture, Faculty of Technical Science, Sapientia Hungarian University of Transylvania, Ro-540485, POB 9, Cp.4, Tg-Mures/Corunca, Sighisoara str. 1C. Romania
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How to Cite

APA

Thiesz, R., Bandi, A., Tóth, M., & Balog, A. (2007). Epidemiological survey of Xanthomonas arboricola pv. juglandis and Gnomonia leptostyla on natural population of walnut (Juglans regia) in eastern Transylvania. International Journal of Horticultural Science, 13(4), 7-9. https://doi.org/10.31421/IJHS/13/4/764

Abstract

In Romania, walnut Juglans regia L. is an important fruit crop, although most of the fruit production comes from non-grafted walnut trees, which are natural hybrids. Breeding programs have been launched during last 30 years to develop new cultivars with uniform fruit quality. In addition, foreign cultivars have been introduced and tested to establish a valuable walnut genepool. To improve the present assortment of generative rootstocks in walnut and to examine the infestation level, a long term survey was carried out in Eastern Transylvania. The main physical characteristics of fruits and its variation to the infestation level were considered. The cumulative distribution of Xanthomonas arboricola pv. juglandis and Gnomonia leptostyla were relatively low and the maximum value was around 15%. The highest infestation of husk with X. arboricola pv. juglandis was observed for roundish forms and differences were statistically significant comparing with other phenotypes. Infestation with G. leptostyla was similar for roundish, elliptic and thwarting egg-shaped phenotypes, while the husk infestation for egg-shaped phenotypes was not observed. The walnut population studied in our experiment can be considered as a genetically valuable population. More than 20% of them have upper class quality fruits with at least or more than 50% of nutmeat. Do to the large scale climate variation in Eastern Transylvania and the high humidity favourable for pathogen infestations, these population can be considered resistant and well adapted to abiotic and biotic factors.

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