Growth and yield performance of garlic varieties under zero-tillage and tillage system

July 29, 2020

Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Horticultural Science

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

How To Cite
Selected Style: APA
Rahman, M. M., Hossain, M., Rahman, M. H., Rahim, M. A., & Islam, M. T. (2020). Growth and yield performance of garlic varieties under zero-tillage and tillage system. International Journal of Horticultural Science, 26, 46-54.

Bangladesh Agricultural University (BAU) developed four garlic variety viz., BAU Garlic-1; BAU Garlic-2; BAU Garlic-3; and BAU Garlic-4 were tested under two cultivation systems viz., zero-tillage and tillage to find out a suitable variety for zero-tillage system. This study was conducted following randomized complete block design with three replicates. Results showed that planting system had significant influenced on growth, yield contributing traits and bulb yield of garlic. It was also observed that all the studied traits were higher in zero-tillage condition as compared to tillage system. There were significant variations noticed among the garlic varieties on plant growth and yield traits. However, in combination of planting system and variety, it was found that BAU Garlic-3 performed superior on plant growth and bulb yield of garlic under zero-tillage system. From the findings of this study, it can be concluded that BAU Garlic-3 could be useful technology for cultivation of garlic in zero-tillage system.


  1. Abdel-Razzak, H. S., El-Sharkawy, G. A. (2013): Effect of biofertilizer and humic acid applications on growth, yield, quality and storability of two garlic (Allium sativum L.) cultivars. Asian Journal of Crop Science 5:48-64.
  2. Agusti, K. T. (1990): Therapeutic and medicinal values of onions and garlic. p: 99-104. In Brewster, J. L and Rabinowitvh, H. D. eds) Onions and Allied Crops. V. 3. CRC Press, Inc; 1990.
  3. Alam, M. S., Rahim, M. A., Simon, P. W. (2010): Performance evaluation of garlic germplasms under dry land condition. Journal of Agroforestry Systems and Environmental Quality 3 (2): 43-45.
  4. Alam, M. S., Rahim, M. A., Simon, P. W. (2010): Standardization of production technology for garlic under dry and wet land conditions. Journal of Agroforestry and Environment 3(2):5-8.
  5. Angers, D. A., Bolinder, M. A., Carter, M. R., Gregorich, E. G., Drury, C. F., Liang, B. C., Voroney, R. P., Simard, R. R., Donald, R. G., Beyaert, R. P., Martel, J. (1997): Impact of tillage practices on organic carbon and nitrogen storage in cool, humid soils of eastern Canada. Soil and Tillage Research 41:191–201.
  6. Augusti, K. T. (1977): Hypocholesterolaemic effect of garlic (Allium sativum L.). Indian Journal of Experimental Biology 15(6): 489-490.
  7. Aziz, I., Mahmood, T., Islam, K. R. (2013): Effect of long term no-till and conventional tillage practice on soil quality. Soil and Tillage Research 131:28-35. 10.1016/j.still.2013.03.002
  8. Baghalian, K., Ziai, S. A., Naghavi, M. R., Naghdi, A. H., Khalighi, A. (2005): Evaluation of alliicin content and botanical traits in Iranian garlic (Allium sativum L) ecotypes. Scientia Horticulturae 103:155-166. 10.1016/j.scienta.2004.07.001
  9. BBS. (2014): Monthly Statistically Bulletin, December-2014. Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics, Statistics Division, Ministry of Planning, Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh.
  10. De Vita, P., Di Paolo, E., Fecondo, G., Di Fonzo, N. Pisante, M. (2007): No-tillage and conventional tillage effects on durum wheat yield, grain quality and moisture content in southern Italy. Soil and Tillage Research 92(1-2): 69-78.
  11. Derpsch, R., Friedrich, T., Kassam, A. Hongwen, L. (2010): Current status of adoption of no-till farming in the world and some of its main benefits. International Journal of Agricultural and Biological Engineering 3(1):1-25. doi: 10.3965/ j.issn.1934-6344.2010.01.0-0
  12. Durak, I., Kavutcu, M., Aytac, B. (2004): Effects of garlic extract consumption on blood lipid and oxidant/antioxidant parameters in humans with high blood cholesterol. The Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry 15(6): 373-377.
  13. Gomez, K. A., Gomez, A. A. (1984): Statistical Procedure for Agricultural Research. John Wiely and Sons. Inc. New York.
  14. House, G.J., Parmelee, R.W. (1985). Comparison of soil arthropods and earthworms from conventional and no-tillage agroecosystems. Soil and Tillage Research 5(4):351360.
  15. Islah, M. H. (2010): Response of garlic (Allium sativum L.) to some sources of organic fertilizers under North Sinai conditions. Research Journal Agriculture and Biological Science 6(6):928-936.
  16. Islam, M. R., Uddin, M. K., Mian, M. A. K., Zaman, R., Hossain, J. (2015): Performance of garlic (Allium sativum L.) genotypes after transplant aman rice harvest under zero tillage mulched condition. International Journal of Applied Sciences and Biotechnology 3(1): 26-30. doi: 10.3126/ijasbt.v3i1.11216
  17. Jamil, M., Munir, M., Qasim, M., Baloch, J., Rehman, K. (2005): Effect of different types of mulches and their duration on the growth and yield of garlic (Allium sativum L.). International Journal of Agriculture and Biology 7(4): 588-591.
  18. Jones, M. G., Hughes, J., Tregova, A., Milne, J., Tomsett, A. B., Collin, H. A. (2004): Biosynthesis of the flavor precursors of onion and garlic. Journal of Experimental Botany 55(404):1903-1918. doi: 10.1093/jxb/erh138
  19. Kabir, Z. (2005): Tillage or no-tillage:impact on mycorrhizae. Canadian Journal of Plant Science 85:23-29.
  20. Kabir, M. A., Rahim, M. A., Taj, H. F. El., Majumder, D. A. N., Mahmood, S. (2011): Effects of tillage and different thicknesses of water hyacinth mulch on the growth and yield of garlic. Journal of Environmental Science and Natural Resources 4(2):19-26.
  21. Kabir, M. A., Rahim, M. A., Majumder, D. A. N., Iqbal, T. M. T. (2013). Effect of mulching and tillage on yield and keeping quality of garlic (Allium sativum L.). Bangladesh Journal of Agricultural Research 38(1):115-125.
  22. Karaye, A. K., Yakubu, A. I. (2006): Influence of intra-row spacing and mulching on weed growth and bulb yield of garlic (Allium sativum L.) in Sokoto, Nigeria. African Journal of Biotechnology 5 (3):260-264. doi:10.5897/AJB05.325
  23. Kurian, J. C. (1995): Plant that Heal (1st edn.) Oriental Watchman Publishing House, Punc., India. P.31
  24. Pokhrel, A., Soni, P. (2018): An investigation into a resource and environmentally sustainable system: zero tillage lentil and garlic production in Nepal. Agroecology and Sustainable Food Systems 42(9):982-1002. 2018.1487359
  25. Poldma, P., Merivee, A., Pae, A., Justus, K. (2005): Influence of planting time on the development, yield and quality of garlic. Acta Horticulturae 68(6): 333-338. doi: 10.17660/ActaHortic.2005.688.49
  26. Puget, P., Lal, R. (2005): Soil organic carbon and nitrogen in a Mollisol in central Ohio as affected by tillage and land use. Soil and Tillage Research 80:201-213. j.still.2004.03.018
  27. Purseglove, J.W. (1975). Tropical Crops: Monocotyledons, ELBS Longman, London, pp. 52-56.
  28. Rahim, M. A., Fordham, R. (1988): Effects of storage temperature on the initiation and development of garlic cloves (Allium sativum L.). Scientia Horticulturae 37 (1-2): 25-28.
  29. Taucher, J., Hansel, A., Jordan, A., Lindinger, W. (1996): Analysis of compounds in human breath after ingestion of garlic using proton-transfer-reaction mass spectrometry. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 44(12):3778-3782.
  30. Triplett, Jr, G. B., Dick, W. A. (2008): No-tillage crop production: Arevolution in Agriculture. Agronomy Journal 100:153-165.
  31. Tucak, M., Cupic, T., Popovic, S., Stjepanovic, M., Gantner, R., Meglic, V. (2009): Agronomic evaluation and utilization of red clover (Trifolium pratense L.) germplasm. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca 37:206-210.
  32. Wang, H., Li, X., Shen, D., Oiu, Y., Song, J. (2014): Diversity evaluation of morphological traits and allicin content in garlic (Allium sativum L.) from China. Euphytica 198: 243-254