Vol 12, No 1-2 (2021): MMXXI vol. XII. nos.1-2

Published June 29, 2021

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Portraits

KÁROLY ERDŐS, PROFESSOR OF THEOLOGY THE RECTOR MAGNIFICUS OF THE HUNGARIAN ROYAL ISTVÁN TISZA UNIVERSITY OF DEBRECEN DURING THE ACADEMIC YEAR 1945/46.
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Károly Erdős (1887-1971) began his teaching and research career as a teacher of church history at the Reformed College in Debrecen. After the Faculty of Reformed Theology became part of the university, which began to function in 1914, Erdős became a teacher and later director of the Institute for the Training of Ministers of the Reformed Chu...rch. In 1929 he was appointed professor in the New Testament Department of the Tisza István University. As an university professor and pastor, he rendered great service to the city and the Church, both as a teacher and as a scholar. After 1949 he became a professor at the Reformed Theological Academy in Debrecen.

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FERENC BOZÓKY, PROFESSOR OF LAW, THE RECTOR MAGNIFICUS OF THE HUNGARIAN ROYAL ISTVÁN TISZA UNIVERSITY OF DEBRECEN DURING THE ACADEMIC YEAR 1946/47.
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Ferenc Bozóky was a professor of statistics and economics at the Faculty of Law of the István Tisza University of Debrecen for more than 35 years. The professor, popular among his students and appreciated by his colleagues, as the last rector of law at the university, contributed significantly to the reconstruction of the university through h...is tireless work in the background after World War II. The study also gives a taste of Bozóky's advanced conservative-minded scholarly work in field of statistics and economics.

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Studies

ARS DICTAMINIS - RHETORICA BONA ET UTILIS. THEORY OF LETTERS, EXAMPLES OF SAMPLE LETTERS AND COLLECTIONS OF LETTERS.
31-73

Since Antiquity Rhetoric, Ars Dictaminis and different types of Prose-Composition have great importance within education on the one hand, but on the other hand, we can see the different ways to localize Rhetorica within the canon oft liberal arts. Latest with Alcuin Rhetorica became the main point in practice in ruling. This means that knowledg...e of rhetorical precepts got part of the „educatio Regis”, and this we can see at least up to Eneas Silvio de Piccolominibus’ Tractatus de liberis educandi, written for Ladislaus Postumus (d. 23-11-1457). With the eleventh and twelfth century Ars dictandi got his place in educating persons who are specialists in „dictare”, formulating privileges, charters, epistles, and all other different sorts of empowering. With the Universities Rhetorica had his place in Faculty of Arts „Artistenfakultät” in there between Poetria and practice.  Studying for many students meant to get tools to be successful in princely chancelleries, Episcopalian and town (urban) administrations. There exits many examples to give us a survey to the different ways of teaching and gathering examples for „how to write” the different sorts of texts-documents in political communication. Here we can see an examples from the third and fourth decade of the fifteenth century, which combines theory (Brieftheorie/Ars dictandi), and examples. Because those examples show us the different themes, because we can see laypeople and clergy throughout all positions in society, and because we find mentioned places we can see the coverage in teaching and ruling. Finally yet importantly, we know by many examples of charters and letters how those compendia artis dictandi also could rule the script.

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FENCING AT EUROPEAN UNIVERSITIES AND ACADEMIES IN THE EARLY MODERN PERIOD. THE IMPORTANCE OF LEARNED FENCING: In honor of Várnay Ernő
74-132

Combining the history of universities, history of mentalities and history of sport, this study seeks to answer the question of the role of fencing in the lives of students at European universities in the early modern period, and how universities dealt with the issue of students' weapons and armed disorder. After the initial prohibitions, fencin...g instruction was gradually introduced into the curricula of universities and academies, and the 'regulated' fencing thus acquired contributed significantly to the consolidation of a culture of behaviour among university students who considered themselves a privileged social class.

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Contribution to the history of early modern Saxon peregrination in Brasov over a hundred-year period (between 1650 and 1750).
133-149

In the present study, I examine the history of early modern Saxon peregrination in Brasov over a hundred-year period (between 1650 and 1750). The aim of the article is to summarize th...e sporadically existing results of university registers and peregrination registers, and to supplement them with the data of the occasional written memoirs of the Saxons of Brasov. The results presented in the study can also serve as an example for further research aimed at examining occasional texts related to early modern university travel.

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LÁSZLÓ CSERNÁK (1740-1816), A PROFESSOR OF DEVENTER AND HIS LEGACY IN DEBRECEN.
150-161

. A former alumnus of the Reformed College of Debrecen spent years in the Netherlands, preparing for his hoped job in Hungary as a professor of Philosophy in one of the Reformed colleges. Although he completed his study in Utrecht and in Groningen in Philosophy and Medicine with excellent results, he was never invited to a cathedra in Hungary. ...He was offered a job in Deventer which he accepted and became a professor of Philosophy. He married a Dutch woman – Elisabeth Slichtenbree – and started a new, fulfilling life in the Netherlands. After 12 years living in Deventer, he received an invitation to a post of professor of History, Ancient Greek, and Eloquence in Sárospatak, which he refused due to his engagements (job and family) in the Netherlands. A couple of years later he was invited to Groningen for a professorship, which he refused, too. His scientific work Cribrum Arithmeticum was published in 1811, and Csernák sent examples of it to Hungary and Transylvania. After his death he legated a huger amount of money to his Hungarian Alma Mater, which was used for public needs of the college.

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Sources

MINISTERIAL INSTRUCTION ABOUT THE CREATON OF MAINTENANCE SURCHARGE IN THE ISTVÁN TISZA UNIVERSITY OF DEBRECEN.
162-182

The influence of the economic crisis to the system of surcharges was so deep, that the Ministry of Religion and Public Education was forced to make a new surcharge from the first semester of the 1931/32. year. This fee must be paid by every student of the university at the beginning of every semester. The state of the Hungarian government’s b...udget was so critical, that three years later must be made another maintenance surcharge which was paid based on the measure of the tuition fee exemption. From the first semester of the 1934/35. year every student had to pay this charge in the rate of their tution fee. All these maintenance surcharges were the part of the Hungarian higher education and the part of the surcharges system of the István Tisza University of Debrecen till the end of the first semester of the 1940/41. year.

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Missing conditions to the start of a new higher education institution.
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Missing conditions to the start of a new higher education institution.

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Repertoire

The BOARD OF THE HUNGARIAN HERALDIC AND GENEALOGICAL SOCIETY.
191-206

In 1883, a group of Hungarian historians led by Baron Béla Radvánszky founded the Hungarian Heraldic and Genealogical Society, which brought together scholars of the auxiliary historical sciences (mainly family history, heraldry, sealology). Their journal, Turul, was published several times a year. The society and its management consisted of ...a few scholars, patrons of the arts, amateur family historians and archivists. After the Second World War, political attacks and lack of funds made it impossible to survive and it ceased to exist at the beginning of 1951. Family history and heraldry became a forbidden science for decades under the communist regime. This study provides up-to-date details of the society’s management, based largely on the minutes of its general meetings published in the journal.

 

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Remembrance

PROFESSIONAL CARREER AND OEUVRE OF PROFESSOR LÁSZLÓ LAMPÉ.
207-220

László Lampé, professor emeritus, former Head of the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology of the University of Debrecen passed away at the age of 92, on 30th November, 2020 in Debrecen (1929-2020). With his departure we lost an extraordinary personality, an internationally renowned physician and master of obstetrics and gynecology. Thr...ough the presentation of his extraordinary professional life, his studies, clinical and institutional activity, the creation of up-to-date obstetrical care, the initiation of evidence-based medicine are described. His lectures, textbooks, the organization of scientific courses and congresses, his activity in national and international relations, collaborations and scientific committees have contributed to the Clinic becoming a leading institution of the region and the nation. His writings in the field of history of medicine were written in honor of our predecessors. His professional activity was honored by several medals, awards and honorary memberships. His life is characterized by a humble commitment to the family, pregnant women, patients, colleagues, profession and health care.

 

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50 YEARS AGO THE STOMATOLOGY CLINIC IN DEBRECEN ORGANIZED A SIGNIFICANT EVENT.
221-228

The University of Medicine in Debrecen hosted a significant event July 14-17. 1970. The 17th Congress of the European ORganisation for CAries Research (ORCA) was held here to pay tribute to the scientific activity of Professor Péter Adler, the lieder of the Stomatology Clinic in Debrecen. He achieved significant results in fluoride research an...d celebrated his 60th birthday that year. About 200 registered participants came from all over the world, of which 32 were locals. Of the 48 lectures, 5 were held by Hungarians (2 from Debrecen). The entire editorial board of the notable journal Caries Research was also present. This  international congress was the first event of local dentistry to be held in a socialist country and even decades later many well-known  researchers recalled the pleasant days of Debrecen.

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ALADÁR KETTESY ARRIVED AT THE DEBRECEN OPHTHALMOLOGY CLINIC A HUNDRED YEARS AGO
229-232

The article commemorates Aladár Kettesy, professor of ophthalmology at the University of Debrecen, on the occasion of the 100th anniversary of his taking over the management of the Eye Clinic at the University of Debrecen, initially as a trustee. In addition to the achievements in medical and scientific work, the memoir highlights the personal...ity of the professor and emphasises his great importance in the history of ophthalmology in Hungary.

 

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Actualities

The FACULTY OF AGRICULTURAL AND FOOD SCIENCES AND ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT AT THE UNIVERSITY OF DEBRECEN TURNS 50
245-257

The paper reviews the history of agricultural education in Debrecen from the establishment of the University of Agricultural Sciences in Debrecen in 1970 to the present day. The main focus is on the pre...sentation of the educational activities, showing how the range of courses has broadened in the last five decades. It also highlights the main achievements and future objectives of research and innovation.

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STATUE INAUGURATION SPEECH – PROF. DR. ANDRÁS KOZMA
258-260

In October 2020, a bust of Professor András Kozma, who died in 1919, was unveiled at the University of Debrecen's Böszörményi Street campus. At the ceremony, the Dean of the Faculty of Economic Sciences commemorated the work of the highly influential and nationally significant university professor.

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STATUE INAUGURATION SPEECH – PROF. DR. GÁBOR SZABÓ
261-263

In October 2020, a statue was unveiled at the University of Debrecen's clinical campus in honour of Prof. Dr. Gábor Szabó, who played a pioneering role in the organisation of medical biology and later medical genetics education in Debrecen and Hungary. The personality of the professor, his main research results and international recognition w...ere mentioned by one of his former students in his speech.

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