Vol. 12 No. 1-2 (2021): MMXXI vol. XII. nos.1-2
Studies

ARS DICTAMINIS - RHETORICA BONA ET UTILIS. THEORY OF LETTERS, EXAMPLES OF SAMPLE LETTERS AND COLLECTIONS OF LETTERS.

Published June 29, 2021
Meta Niederkorn
University of Vienna, Faculty of History and Cultural Studies
Pdf (Magyar)

APA

Niederkorn, M. (2021). ARS DICTAMINIS - RHETORICA BONA ET UTILIS. THEORY OF LETTERS, EXAMPLES OF SAMPLE LETTERS AND COLLECTIONS OF LETTERS . Gerundium, 12(1-2), 31–73. https://doi.org/10.29116/gerundium/2021/1-2/3

Since Antiquity Rhetoric, Ars Dictaminis and different types of Prose-Composition have great importance within education on the one hand, but on the other hand, we can see the different ways to localize Rhetorica within the canon oft liberal arts. Latest with Alcuin Rhetorica became the main point in practice in ruling. This means that knowledge of rhetorical precepts got part of the „educatio Regis”, and this we can see at least up to Eneas Silvio de Piccolominibus’ Tractatus de liberis educandi, written for Ladislaus Postumus (d. 23-11-1457). With the eleventh and twelfth century Ars dictandi got his place in educating persons who are specialists in „dictare”, formulating privileges, charters, epistles, and all other different sorts of empowering. With the Universities Rhetorica had his place in Faculty of Arts „Artistenfakultät” in there between Poetria and practice.  Studying for many students meant to get tools to be successful in princely chancelleries, Episcopalian and town (urban) administrations. There exits many examples to give us a survey to the different ways of teaching and gathering examples for „how to write” the different sorts of texts-documents in political communication. Here we can see an examples from the third and fourth decade of the fifteenth century, which combines theory (Brieftheorie/Ars dictandi), and examples. Because those examples show us the different themes, because we can see laypeople and clergy throughout all positions in society, and because we find mentioned places we can see the coverage in teaching and ruling. Finally yet importantly, we know by many examples of charters and letters how those compendia artis dictandi also could rule the script.