Vol 25 No 3-4 (2019)
Cikkek

Seed protectant potential of Mitracarpus villosus and Phyllanthus fraternus extracts on germinative capability of stored food grains

Published December 19, 2019
J. M. Adesina
Department of Crop, Soil and Pest Management Technology, Rufus Giwa Polytechnic, P. M. B. 1019, Owo, Ondo State; Insect Chemical Ecology Laboratory, Institute of Bioresources and Sustainable Development, Department of Science and Technology, Takyelpat, Imphal - 795001, Manipur, India
Yallappa Rajashekar
Insect Chemical Ecology Laboratory, Institute of Bioresources and Sustainable Development, Department of Science and Technology, Takyelpat, Imphal - 795001, Manipur, India
Thomas Inomisan Ofuya
Department of Crop, Soil and Pest Management, Federal University of Technology, P. M. B. 704, Akure, Ondo State,
Olufemi Michael Ashamo
Department of Biology, Federal University of Technology, P. M. B. 704, Akure, Ondo State, Nigeria
Kayode David Ileke
Department of Biology, Federal University of Technology, P. M. B. 704, Akure, Ondo State, Nigeria
View:
pdf
How to Cite

APA

Adesina, J. M., Rajashekar, Y., Ofuya, T. I., Ashamo, O. M., & Ileke, K. D. (2019). Seed protectant potential of Mitracarpus villosus and Phyllanthus fraternus extracts on germinative capability of stored food grains. International Journal of Horticultural Science, 25(3-4), 7-10. https://doi.org/10.31421/IJHS/25/3-4/2914

Abstract

Seed storage is an essential post-harvest operation that decides the success of seeds viability and germination in next generation. The study explored Mitracarpus villosus and Phyllanthus fraternus extracts as bio-insecticides seed treatments on stored wheat and green gram seeds viability and germination. M. villosus and P. fraternus plants powder were sequentially extracted with solvents of increasing polarity (Petroleum ether, hexane, ethyl acetate, acetone, chloroform and methanol), concentrated and tested for insecticidal activity by fumigant toxicity. The extract which showed maximum activity, was selected for seed viability and germination test. Five replications each were made for the treatment and the control. The plant extracts strengthen the non-phytotoxic nature of plant products against seed viability and germination. Seeds treated with extracts (50-400 μg seed-1) did not lose their viability as it resulted in successful and normal germination within the range of 90 – 97.67% irrespective of the extracts concentration. While, seeds in control recorded 95.55 and 100% germination which were not significantly different (P>0.05) compared to the treated seeds. Based on findings from the study, potential exploitation of M. villosus and P. fraternus as food grains protectant in insect pest management strategies is recommended for the resource poor farmers. However, further investigations are suggested on biosafety and effects of the extracts on the organoleptic contents of the grains prior to consumption.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Anandi R., 2001, Seed technological studies in cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L. Walp) cv.CO 5. M.Sc (Ag.) Thesis, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore, India.
Ananthi M., Sasthri G., Srimathi P., and Malarkodi K., 2017, Bio-efficacy of plant products against insect infestation in green gram, Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies, 5(4), 733-736
Chukwuka K.S., Obiakara M., and Ogunsumi I.A., 2014, Effects of aqueous plant extracts and inorganic fertilizer on the germination, growth and development of maize (Zea mays L.), Journal of Agricultural Sciences (Belgrade), 59: 243–254
Danjumma B.J., Majeed Q., Yusuf M., and Peni D.N., 2018, Effects of leaf powder of Citrus aurantifolia and Senna occidentalis on the development of maize weevil (Sitophilus zeamais Motschulsky, Coleoptera Curculionidae). Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies, 6(2): 2216-2221
Gselase A., and Getu, E., 2009, Evaluation of botanical plants powders against Zabrotes subfasciatus (Boheman) (Coleoptera: Bruchidae) in stored haricot beans under laboratory condition, African Journal of Agricultural Research, 4(10): 1073-1079
Gupta H.C., Bareth S.S., Sharma S.K., 1991, Bioefficacy of edible and non-edible oils against pulse beetle (Callosobruchus chinensis L.) on stored pulse and their effect on germination, Agriculture and Biological Research, 7: 101-107
Gwary D.M., Ali O., and Gwary S.D., 2007., Management of sorghum smuts and anthracnose using cultivar selection and seed dressing fungicides in Maiduguri, Nigeria, International Journal of Agriculture and Biology, 9: 324–328
Ileke K.D., 2012, Bioactivity of Anacardium occidentale (L) and Allium Sativum (L) powders and oil extracts against cowpea bruchid, Callosobruchus maculatus (Fab), International Journal of Biology, 4: 96-103
Khaire V.M., Kachare B.V., and Mote U.N., 1992., Efficacy of different vegetable oils as grain protectants against pulse beetle, Callosobruchus chinensis Linn. in increasing storability of pigeon pea, Journal of Stored Products Research, 28: 153-156.
Khinchi K., Sharma M.M., Khinchi M.K., Naga R.P., Acharya D., and Asiwal R.C. 2017, Studies on efficacy of certain plant part powders against pulse beetle, Callosobruchus chinensis Linn. on chickpea, Cicer arietinum (L), Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies, 5(3): 575-578.
Kongne M.L., Kouninki H., Fameni T.S., and Fernand N.T.F., 2018, Management of Callosobruchus maculatus F. (Coleoptera: Bruchidae) using methanol extracts of Carica papaya, Carissa edulis, Securidaca longepedonculata and Vinca rosea and impact of insect pollinators on cowpea types in the Far-North region of Cameroon, Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies, 6(2): 1017-1027
Mamu, M.S.A., and Shahjahan M. 2011, Effect of some indigenous plant extracts on the germination of wheat seeds. Bangladesh Journal of Agricultural Research, 36(4): 733-739. Masangwa J.I.G., Kritzinger Q., and Aveling T.A.S., 2017, Germination and seedling emergence responses of common bean and cowpea to plant extract seed treatments, Journal of Agricultural Science, 155: 18–31
Miafo A.P.T., Koubala B.B., Bouba D., and Kansci G., 2014, Preservation of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) seeds: incidence of ethanolic extract from Balanites aegyptiaca, Melia azedarach and Ocimum gratissimum leaves on Callosobruchus maculatus (Coleptera: Bruchidae), Asian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 6: 62–68
Parameswari K., 2002, Strategies to improve the seed production and shelf life of pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan L. mill sp.) hybrid COPH2. Ph. D Thesis. Tamil Nadu Agricultural Univerrsity, Coimbatore, India.
Pati U.K., and Chowdhury A., 2015, A comparison of phytotoxic potential among the crude extracts from Parthenium hysterophorus L. extracted solvents of increasing polarity, International Letters of Natural Sciences, 33; 73-81
Rajendra K.S., Shah A., and Shukala D.N., 2014., Efficacy of plant extracts on the germination of wheat seeds. IOSR Journal Agriculture and Veterinary Science, 7(8): 72-76
Rani P.U., and Devanand P., 2011, Efficiency of different foliar extracts on grain protection and seed germination in maize, Research Journal of Seed Science, 4: 1–14
Rani P.U., and Murthy J.M., 2008, Botanical treatment for grain protection and their effects on seed germination and seedling performance of stored maize. Journal of Biopesticides, 1: 74–80
Renugadevi J., Natarajan N., Rajasekaran R., and Srimathi P., 2006, Bioefficacy of promising botanicals against insect infesting cowpea cv.CO 4. Indian Journal of Agricultural Research, 40(4): 262-266
Schmidt G.H., Risha E.M., and El-Nahal A.K.M., 1991, Reduction of progeny of some stored product coleoptera by vapours of Acorus calamus oil. Journal of Stored Product Research, 27(2): 121-127
Srivastava C., and Singh D., 2002, Study of phosphine resistance in Rhyzopertha dominica and Callosobruchus maculatus, Indian Journal of Entomology, 64: 377–378
Trematera, P., and Hanzotli, V., 1999, The activity of some compounds extracts of Allium on stored products insects Oryzaephilus surinamensis (L.), Sitophilus oryzae (L.) and Tribolium castaneum (H.). Anzeiger-Fur-Schandlingskuinde, 72: 122-125