Évf. 13 szám 40 (2021)
Tudományos

Comparison of sociodemographic characteristics in nursing home residents and community-dwelling elders

Megjelent december 31, 2021
Arzu Yüksel
Aksaray University, Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Nursing, Turkey
Emel Bahadir Yilmaz
Giresun University, Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Nursing, Piraziz, Giresun, Turkey
Cansu Esra Kesekci
Silivri State Hospital, Children's Service, Turkey
PDF (English)

APA

Yüksel, A., Yilmaz, E. B., & Kesekci, C. E. (2021). Comparison of sociodemographic characteristics in nursing home residents and community-dwelling elders. Magyar Gerontológia, 13(40), 19–29. https://doi.org/10.47225/mg/13/40/10806

Purpose: This study aimed to compare the sociodemographic characteristics in nursing home residents and community-dwelling elders.

Methods: This descriptive study consisted of 342 older people between October and November 2019 (nursing home = 79, community-dwelling = 263). The data were collected by “Questionnaire Form for Individuals Living in Nursing Homes” and “Questionnaires for Individuals Living in Community-Dwelling." Comparisons between groups were made with the chi-square test. Descriptive characteristics were presented as numbers, percentage, mean, standard deviation, min. and max. scores.

Results: The average age of the elderly living in a nursing home was 77.35±7.40 (min: 66, max: 97). Before coming to the nursing home, 38.0% lived with their spouses. The average age of community-dwelling older people was 70.90±5.57 (min: 65, max: 88). Of community-dwelling older people, 81.7% lived with their families. There was a significant difference between both groups regarding age, income status, having a child, having a physical disability, using dentures, ability to maintain activities of daily living, self-confidence, sleep problems, social activity, smoking rates, and history of visiting a nursing home (p < 0.05).

Conclusion: Compared to the community-dwelling older people, the elderly living in a nursing home were more senior, lonely, had a lower income, had higher physical disabilities, had lower social activity and self-confidence, had more sleep problems, and smoked.