Évf. 13 (2021): Konferencia Különszám
Tudományos

Determining the Reasons of Older People for Choosing a Nursing Home: A Comparative Study

Megjelent december 29, 2021
Arzu Yüksel
Assoc. Prof. Aksaray University, Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Nursing, Turkey
Emel Bahadir Yilmaz
Assoc. Prof. Giresun University, Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Nursing, Turkey
Cansu Esra Kesekci
Nurse, Silivri State Hospital, Children's Service, Turkey
PDF (English)

APA

Yüksel, A., Yilmaz, E. B., & Kesekci, C. E. (2021). Determining the Reasons of Older People for Choosing a Nursing Home: A Comparative Study. Magyar Gerontológia, 13(Kulonszam), 53–54. https://doi.org/10.47225/mg/13/Kulonszam/10587

Purpose:
This study was conducted as a descriptive and comparative study to determine why a nursing home was chosen for the elderly.

Methods:
The population of the descriptive study consisted of older people living in a community-dwelling or a nursing home in the Central Anatolian Region of Turkey. The sample consisted of 342 elderly individuals who agreed to participate in the study between October and November 2019 (nursing home: n = 79, community-dwelling: n = 263). After obtaining the permission of the ethics committee (no: 2019/04-03), the data were collected by “Questionnaire Form for Individuals Living in Nursing Homes” and “Questionnaires for Individuals Living in Community-Dwelling."
The Chi-square Test analyzed data, and the descriptive characteristics were presented as numbers, percentage, mean, standard deviation, minimum and maximum.

Results:
The average age of the elderly living in a nursing home was 77.35±7.40 (min: 66, max: 97), and the average age of community-dwelling older people was 70.90±5.57 (min: 65, max: 88). Before coming to the nursing home, 38.0% lived with their spouses, and 35.4% lived alone. 81.7% of community-dwelling older people lived with their families. There was a difference in terms of some sociodemographic variables between both groups. Elderly people staying in nursing home; 26.6% were in the 76-81 age group; 26.6% did not have children; 38.0% had no income; 16.5% had a physical disability; 82.3% used dentures; 13.9% couldn’t do their daily care; 22.8% had low self-confident; 62.0% had sleep problems; 67.1% had no social activity; 35.4% were smokers; 88.6% of them had not visited a nursing home before (p < 0.05).

Conclusion:
Compared to the community-dwelling older people, the elderly living in a nursing home were more senior, lonely, had a lower income, had higher physical disabilities, had lower social activity and self-confidence, had more sleep problems, and smoked.