No. 51 (2013)
Articles

Comparative analysis of Carpathian Braunvieh’s morphological traits

Published February 10, 2013
Janka Békefi
Debreceni Egyetem Agrár- és Gazdálkodástudományok Centruma Mezőgazdaság-, Élelmiszertudományi és Környezetgazdálkodási Kar, Állattudományi, Biotechnológiai és Természetvédelmi Intézet, Debrecen
András Gáspárdy
Szent István Egyetem Állattenyésztési, Takarmányozástani és Laborállat-tudományi Intézet, Budapest
Béla Béri
Debreceni Egyetem Agrár- és Gazdálkodástudományok Centruma Mezőgazdaság-, Élelmiszertudományi és Környezetgazdálkodási Kar, Állattudományi, Biotechnológiai és Természetvédelmi Intézet, Debrecen
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APA

Békefi, J., Gáspárdy, A., & Béri, B. (2013). Comparative analysis of Carpathian Braunvieh’s morphological traits. Acta Agraria Debreceniensis, (51), 15-19. https://doi.org/10.34101/actaagrar/51/2055

The Carpathian Braunvieh cattle established by the cross-breeding of the Schweizer Braunvieh and the local breeds of the Carpathian basin approximately 150 years ago. The evolved three usage breed was durable and resistant, however in comparison with the high-productivity breeds was less competitive. The dramatic lay-off, and the endangered status of the breed requires a conservation programme. University of Debrecen took the investigation of the Hungarian population and it’s detailed genetic studies. Within this research project among others we carry out body measurements and rates of the body traits. Depending on these results, we may decide on the subsequent gene-reserving objects. Based on body measurements and live weight we established that the breed at Mikóháza favours to the one lived in Hungary in the 1960’s, and to another, named Ukrainian Carpathian Brown. Compared to the earlier data (Horváth, 1966) smaller body traits can be seen. Our livestock is proportionately smaller than the other breeds in height at withers, as well as in live weight. Based on the comparative analysis, we established, that – thanks to the aware sorting – the imported individuals represent the ancient, primitive Carpathian variant.

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