Vol 10 No 4 (2004)
Cikkek

Fruit production and research in Hungary - An overview

Published November 15, 2004
J. Papp
Corvinus University of Budapest, Faculty of Horticultural Science, Department of Fruit Science 1118. Budapest, Villányi út 35-43., Hungary
J. Nyéki
University of Debrecen, Centre of Agricultural Science 4032. Debrecen, Böszörményi út 138., Hungary
M. Soltész
College of Kecskemét, Faculty of Horticulture, Department of Fruit Production 6000. Kecskemét, Erdei Ferenc tér 1-3., Hungary
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APA

Papp, J., Nyéki, J., & Soltész, M. (2004). Fruit production and research in Hungary - An overview. International Journal of Horticultural Science, 10(4), 7-11. https://doi.org/10.31421/IJHS/10/4/499

Abstract

Hungary is traditionally a food producer country. 63% of its total land area can be cultivated. Horticulture is one of the fundamental agricultural branches. The country has a moderate continental climate, with a mean temperature of 10 °C. The average hours of sunshine ranges 1,700 to 2,100 hours. Under the geographical condition in the Carpathian Basin the chemical composition of the fruits has a good harmony. The total fruit acreage is 97,000 ha with a crop of 800,000 to 900,000 tons yearly. In 1982 1,934,000 tons of fruit crop were produced since then it has decreased. The most important fruits are apple, European plum, sour cherry and raspberry. The percentage of apple reaches almost up to 60%. In the new plantings sour cherry, apple and black elderberry is popular. The most important fruit-producing region is situated at the North-eastern part of the country. More than 40% of Hungary's fruit production is concentrated there. In ranking the 2nd place is taken by fruit growing area in the middle of Hungary, where the production of stone fruits and small fruits has a considerable proportion.

In the 70s and 80s of last century there was a developed research structure and wide range of research activity in Hungary. From that time the research capacity has considerably decreased first of all in the field of technological development. The main research area is fruit breeding and variety evaluation.

Fruit scientists and fruit grower specialists are held together by the Hungarian. Society for Horticultural Sciences which has a membership in ISHS. Fruit researches and scientists having academic degree are belonged to the Horticultural Board of Hungarian Academy of Sciences.

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