Vol. 13 No. 1-2 (2022): MMXXII vol. XIII. nos 1-2
Studies

THE BEGINNING OF THE RENAISSANCE? PHILOLOGICAL BEHAVIOUR IN EARLY FRENCH PRE-UNIVERSITIES

Published June 24, 2022
WILKEN ENGELBRECHT
Palacký University Olomouc, Czechia
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APA

ENGELBRECHT, W. (2022). THE BEGINNING OF THE RENAISSANCE? PHILOLOGICAL BEHAVIOUR IN EARLY FRENCH PRE-UNIVERSITIES. Gerundium, 13(1-2), 45–64. https://doi.org/10.29116/gerundium/2022/1-2/4

The article will demonstrate how early French pre-universities in the Loire valley began to look at texts written by Roman writers such as Horace, Ovid and Virgil with the aim of interpreting and explaining the text as Roman texts, without trying to search for ‘hidden meanings’. The article will focus on the philological Ovid-commentary by William of Orléans (c1200), this being a clear example of this philological way of thinking. This approach to classical ‘pagan’ texts provoked a strong reaction that finally resulted in an allegorising interpretation of the classical texts and often the elimination of such texts from the school curriculum. This was the situation which early humanists protested against.