No. 1 (2022)
Articles

The effect of foreign stallions on the Hungarian Furioso-North Star breed

Published May 26, 2022
Renáta Klein
U
János Oláh
Sándor Mihók
János Posta
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APA

Klein, R., Oláh, J., Mihók, S., & Posta, J. (2022). The effect of foreign stallions on the Hungarian Furioso-North Star breed. Acta Agraria Debreceniensis, (1), 67–70. https://doi.org/10.34101/actaagrar/1/10566

The most common aim of animal conservation programs is to maintain genetic diversity. Furioso-North Star is an indigenous Hungarian horse breed originated from Mezőhegyes Stud. The breed is based on two founder stallions, Furioso Senior and North Star Senior. The aim of this research study was to analyze the effect of the foreign breeding stallions to the genetic structure of Hungarian Furioso-North Star breed. The genetic structure of the breed was studied from pedigree data what was received from the Furioso-North Star Horse Breeding Association. Foals born between 2015–2018 were chosen as reference population. Every breeding stallion was marked by nationality (Austrian, Czech, German, Hungarian, Romanian or Slovak) according to their birth place. The population was described with genetic variability, what was calculated using Endog software. The Furioso-North Star breed is popular in Central Europe and nearby countries. The stallion imports and the stallion transfers were necessary and useful as they made changes in the composition of the genetic variability. The new genes and the new lines have refreshed the genetic structure. There were several breeds, like the Nonius, Shagya Arabian and English Thoroughbred, whose had an impact on the genetic structure of the Furioso-North Star breed.

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