Vol. 6 No. 3 (2000)
Articles

Nectar production of quince (Cydonia oblonga Mill.) cultivars

Published June 6, 2000
P. Benedek
West Hungarian University, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, H-9201 Mosonmagyaróvár, Hungary
T. Szabó
Fruit Research Station, H-4244 Újfehértó, Hungary
J. Nyéki
Debrecen University, Centre of Agricultural Sciences, H-4032 Debrecen, Hungary
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APA

Benedek, P., Szabó, T., & Nyéki, J. (2000). Nectar production of quince (Cydonia oblonga Mill.) cultivars. International Journal of Horticultural Science, 6(3), 87-94. https://doi.org/10.31421/IJHS/6/3/108

Nectar production of six quince cultivars were measured during three consecutive years. The nectar production of quince can be regarded to be small compared to other temperate zone fruit tree species since quince flowers contained 1.07 ± 0.06 mg of nectar in average. The extreme values, however, ranged between 0.1 and 7.3 mg/flower and this indicated that the nectar production was highly variable. The distribution of the nectar production was definitely skew because low values were definitely much more frequent than the highest ones. Our findings do not corroborate the earlier statements on the high sugar concentration of quince nectar. We found some 21-27% sugar in average, only. The normal distribution of the sugar concentration also indicates that the typical sugar concentration may be between 20-30%. Accordingly, the sugar concentration of quince nectar is rather low compared to other temperate zone fruit tree species (except pear). There was a significant negative correlation between the amount of nectar and its sugar concentration in quince flowers in all of the three years of the study (r= -0.51, n=37, p<0.02 in 1996, r= -0.57, n=28, p<0.1 in 1997, r= -0.35, n=9 I, p<0.001 in 1998). No definite difference was established between the nectar production of quince cultivars. Nevertheless, one cultivar tended to produce less and two other ones produced somewhat more nectar in average than the rest of the 6 cvs investigated but the extreme values of nectar production of cultivars overlapped in most cages.

 

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