Évf. 53 szám 3-4 (2014): Emlékezet és irodalom: Kemény Zsigmond

Archetípusos pszichológiai reprezentáció az Özvegy és leányában

Megjelent július 1, 2014


Bényei, P. (2014). Archetípusos pszichológiai reprezentáció az Özvegy és leányában. Studia Litteraria, 53(3-4), 157–167. https://doi.org/10.37415/studia/2014/53/4159

The essay focuses on the psychological processes staged in Zsigmond Kemény’s The Widow and the Daughter: on the one hand, the personality changing aspects of the archetypal framework, on the other hand, the psychological representation of the mother-daughter relationship. The events that take place in the novel can be integrated into a more or less seamless psychological narrative. The archetype materialized in one of the protagonists of the novel, Madame Tarnóczi, overlaps with the psychological phenomenon that Shinoda Bolen called the Hera-archetype. The loss of balance in her marriage leads to serious mental problems: Madame Tarnóczi’s emotional-mental state of being offended and resentful becomes permanent, and that results in the suspension of her maternal instincts. Her thirst for revenge – due to her archetypical compulsion – is transferred to her daughter, who commits suicide to escape the unbearable psychological pressure. The representation of the deformed mother-daughter relationship seems exemplary in the novel, and in this respect the novel appears more responsive than it used to be in its own age.