Vol 8, No 4 (2017)

Published April 11, 2018

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Arcképcsarnok

Rugonfalvi Kiss István történelem-professzor, a Debreceni m. kir. Tisza István-Tudományegyetem 1932/33. évi Rector Magnificusa
3-11

Professor of History, István Rugonfalvi Kiss served as Rector Magnificus of the Hungarian Royal István Tisza University of Debrecen in the academic year of 1932-1933. A historian of Székely origin, he first served as the local archivist of the Baron Radvánszky family estate, then he acquired a growing reputation as the chief ar...chivists of Győr County. Starting in 1911, he became college professor of history at the Arts Academy of the Debrecen Protestant College, then from 1914 until his retirement in 1942 he served as professor of Hungarian history of the newly established University of Debrecen. He served as dean several times and he was appointed Rector of the University in the academic year of 1932-1933. In historical scholarship he represented the conservative alternative, thus he was violently opposed to Gyula Szekfű’s view of history. He is the author of work on the last Hungarian uprising of noblemen as well as on the history of the Székely people. After the the Second World War, owing to his previous political activism, he was imprisoned and subsequently he lived in the circle of his family, isolated from professional activity.

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Újabb magyarországi jogtanuló a 16. századi strasbourgi Academián (Kiegészítés az eddigi peregrinusnévsorhoz)
12-29

Yet Another Law Student from Hungary at the Strasbourg Academy (an Additon to the hitherto known list of Peregrine students). In the second part of the 16th century the municipal school of the Alsatian metropolis Strasbourg, was one of the popular destinations among wanderer, peregrine students from Hungary. In this school – beyo...nd the liberal arts (artes liberales) – students could attend lectures on theology, medicine and law. Since the contemporaneous parish register of the school was lost it is hitherto unclear how many Hungarian students studied here until the foundation of the university in 1621. From the study offered here one can obtain information pertaining to a young student who has not been counted as a student in Strasbourg so far and who was originally from the Sips (Zips) region, and studied law on the evidence of two, hitherto unknown disputes of his. The paper is completed by an attempt to reconstruct earlier student lists: according to our knowledge it can be attested that Hungarian and Transylvanian students did actually study in Straßsbourg from the middle of the 16th century till 1621.

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Tanulmányok

Debreceni Református Kollégium teológiai oktatásának története 1850–1912. A Teológiai Akadémia a Kollégium oktatási rendszerében
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The History of Theological Education at Debrecen Reformed College between 1850 and 1912. The changes in the educational system of Theology at Reformed College of Debrecen were heavily influenced by the political-social events of historic Hungary between 1850 and 1912. The first date signals the introduction of arbitrary rule of the... Habsburg monarch who suppressed the Hungarians during the War of Independence in 1848-49. The closing date is the emergence of a new state run university in Debrecen. The study throws light on how the Organisations Entwurf tried to modernize as well as Germanize the education system in the Habsburg Empire. As a result, the traditional education structure at the College was entirely restructured. It brought about the disintegration of humanity and art faculty into a grammar school thereby only the law and theological faculties were left intact for a while. The Reformed Church District strongly protested against the dismantling its more than 300 years old education system.  It is the irony of history what the oppressing Austrian could not achieve, it was realized after the Compromise by József Eötvös, the Hungarian minister of culture, religion and education. Needless to say that education at all levels needed to be modernized and standardized. It is clear that it had a positive impact on the curricula of Reformed theological education in the long run. The paper introduces briefly the life of theological professors, their career with a view to their studies abroad and finally their works at various departments of theology. 

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„Lássatok hozzá, és építsétek föl Istennek, az Úrnak szentélyét” (A Debreceni Református Egyetemi Templom építésének története)
52-70

„Rise up and Build the Sanctuary of the Lord God, so that you may bring the Ark of the covenant of the Lord.” – The History of the Construction of the Reformed University Church in Debrecen. In this essay I try to find the answer to the question of what the main cause of the structure of the University Church was and which we...re the most relevant stages of the construction. After launching the university in Debrecen, the undergraduates, the professors and the local citizens established a claim to engender a place of worship where they could get an opportunity to inward edification. The negotiations about the church to be constructed began in the 1910’s, after all the quartercentenary of the Reformed College gave the handle for the church’s structure. The University Church was built in vicissitudinous ways and it came up against a lot of difficulties during the second half of the twentieth century. Consequently this fact encumbers the researching of the building’s history. However, the history of construction is trackable by the eight boxfuls of sources of the Archives of the Transtibiscan Reformed Church District.

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A Debreceni Egyetem Sebészeti Műtéttani Tanszékének története (1951–2017)
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History of the Department of Operative Techniques and Surgial Research, Faculty of Medicine of the University of Debrecen. The Authors describe the establishment of the four Institutes of Surgical Anatomy and Operative Techniques in the 1951/1952 academic year in the Hungarian Medical Faculties. Then they introduce the 3 eras of th...e Institute in Debrecen: I. 1951-1986. (directed by Dénes Nagy from 1951 till 1953 and György Bornemisza from 1953 till 1986), II. 1986-2000 (directed by István Furka), III. 2000-2013 (directed by Irén Mikó). During that time the Institute had different names:  1. 1951-1972: Institute of Surgical Anatomy and Operative Techniques, 2. 1972-2000: Institute of Experimental Surgery, 3. 2000-2004: Institute of Operative Techniques and Surgical Research, 4. 2004-   Department of Operative Techniques and Surgical Research. The Authors review the wide spectrum of the educational and research work during the past (almost) 60 years. The Reader can have insight into the development of the Department, the accession of territory, the work of the Microsurgical- and Laparoscopic Educational and Training Centers and can get acquinted with the museums of the Department established by Prof. István Furka and Prof. Iren Mikó: Museum of Surgical Suture Materials, Exhibition of Surgical Staplers’ History, Sun Lee Microsurgical Museum, Memorial Place for Janos Veres (inventor of the Veres-needle that is used for laparoscopic interventions worldwide).

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Városjáró jogászképzés a debreceni jogi oktatás helyszíneinek alakulása, különös tekintettel a mai Kassai úti Campus történetére
88-103

Moving Legal Education – The Evolution of Locality of the Legal Education in Debrecen with special regard to the History of Campus Kassai. The legal education in Debrecen has a long history. It started in the Reformed Collage of Debrecen in the middle of the 18th century. As a state university, it was established by th...e Act XXXVI of 1912. Until the main building of the University of Debrecen was completed (1932) the Faculty of Law had been operating in many places in the city. First, in the building of Reformed Collage, but some legal departments were in an apartment house on the main street. After 1932, the faculty of law had suitable offices in the main building of the University. Between 1949 and 1996 the legal education was suspended, and its offices were occupied by other departments. In the year of 1996 a solution had to be found, the restarted legal education needed new buildings. The new place was found on the field of ex-soviet barrack on the Kassai Street. This site was a cavalry barrack before the WWII. Some of the original buildings can still be found today, and many new buildings were built in the last couple of years e. g. library, student hostel, educational buildings.

The faculty of law has also found its place on this campus. Its last moving was in the year of 2015, and it has a nice old-style group of buildings now.

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Forrásközlés

Arany János születésének 100. évfordulója és a háború a nagyszalontai Emlékegyesület értesítése a Debreceni m. kir. Tudományegyetemnek az ünnepség elmaradásáról
105-116

the Centenary of the Birth of János Arany and the War. The Message of the Memorial Society from Nagyszalonta to the University of Debrecen about the Cancellation of the Ceremony. One hundred years ago and one hundred years after the birth of Arany the memorial society prepared for a nationwide celebration in Nagyszalonta. They sen...t their official invitation to every literary and scholarly society, with the University of Debrecen among them. Nándor Láng, who was the Rector of the university in the 1916/17. academic year gave the mandate to Károly Pap to attend the ceremony and represent the university. Károly Pap, who was the dean of the faculty of arts, accepted this with pleasure because he was a researcher of the poetry of Arany. But the ceremony was postponed because the train service became unreliable due to the war. The nationwide ceremony had to be cancelled because of the bad traffic conditions and it was never held in Nagyszalonta in 1917. This printed media sources inform us about this and the effect of the Great War on the centenary of the birth of János Arany.

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Adattár

A debreceni Kossuth Lajos Tudományegyetem archontológiája 1950–1990 IX. rész
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The Archontology of Lajos Kossuth University of Arts and Sciences (1950–1990), Part IX: Institute of Physics. The Archontology of Kossuth University for the School of Arts, the School of Sciences, and for the so-called “Central Units” between January 1, 1950, and December 31, 1990, was compiled on the basis of the pe...rsonal cards and personal files of the Personnel Department of the Rector’s Office, and the scantily documented section for the 1950s was supplemented from the annually arranged documentary material of the Personnel Office. Even so, however, the existing material fails to be complete. It is impossible to compile the archontology with perfect accuracy. Part VII presents the complete list pertaining to the Institute of Physics from institute head to janitor.

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Visszaemlékezések

Fejezetek, arcképvázlatok a DEAC labdarúgó szakosztályának történetéből
145 - 171

Chapters and Sketches of Portraits pertaining to the History of the Soccer Division of the Debrecen University Athletic Club. The Athletic Club of the University of Debrecen (DEAC) was established on the first day of August, 1919, by the University’s managers, professors and various renowned public figures with the primary object...ive of ensuring sporting opportunities and facilities for the student body, the educators and other employees of the University. The soccer club of DEAC achieved the peak of its development in the 1960s and 1970s, when the University’s team managed to qualify to play in the second division of the national football league (NB II). In those days the team attracted large crowds. Each team member was a student and they also were successful as students. Besides offering a survey of tangible successes in football, the present discussion also highlights the subsequent careers of the respective members of the team. A number of these successful soccer players also achieved outstanding professional careers, some of them became professors, well-known medical doctors, school pricipals, and sports managers of international rank The survey also introduces those university managers who supported and promoted the quality sporting activities of the students. The essay is a much-needed elaboration adding substantially to a better understanding of the scope, the past and present of the University of Debrecen. It is both a history of sport and the history of an institution.

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Könyvismertetés

Juhász Réka Ibolya: A győri felsőoktatás intézményeinek hallgatói 1719–1852
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Jelen írás Juhász Réka Ibolya: A győri felsőoktatás intézményeinek hallgatói 1719–1852 című munka recenziója.

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Aktualitás

90 éves a Magyar Tudományos Akadémia Ökológiai Kutatóközpont Balatoni Limnológiai Intézete
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The Lake Balaton Institute of Limnology of the Ecological Research Centre of the Hungarian Academy of Arts and Sciences is 90 years old. The Balaton Limnology Institute of the Hungarian Academy of Arts and Sciences celebrated the 90th anniversary of its opening on the 8th of September, 2017, in Tihany, where László Fésüs, chairman of th...e Biology Section of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences greeted the event with the address printed here. The institute, originally called "The Hungarian Biology Research Institute" was the very first independent research institution in Hungary, established and opened in 1927 by the famous politician Kúnó Klébelsberg who is also highly respected for developing university campuses and many new elementary schools. During nine decades the institute attracted leading life scientists from Hungary as well as abroad, its research areas covered the major trends in biology including broad topics in botany, zoology, molecular biology, neurobiology and has had a crucial role saving Lake Balaton from ecological catastrophes.

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