Vol 8, No 2 (2017)

Published July 19, 2017

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Arcképcsarnok

Darkó Jenő bizantológus professzor, a Debreceni M. Kir. Tisza István Tudományegyetem 1928/29. tanévi rector magnificusa
3-13

Jenő Darkó, Professor of Bizantinology, the Rector Magnificus of the Hungarian Royal István Tisza University of Debrecen during the Academic Year 1930/31. Jenő Darkó (1880–1940), Professor of Byzantinology and the member of the Hungarian Academy of Arts and Sciences was the Rector of the Hungarian Royal Ist...ván Tisza University of Debrecen in the 1928–1929 academic year. Being an appointed Professor of the Theological Academy of Debrecen he was proposed a full professorship at the newly found University of Debrecen in 1912 since the Theological academy was the forrunner of the Universtiy of Debrecen. Between 1918–1919 he was an appointed Dean of the School of Arts . After finishing his time in office, he was offered the opportunity to fulfilling repeatedly this position in 1938–1939.) Under his rectorship, the university witnessed unprecedented development in professional life and infrastructure. Within this framework new departments were established (botany, zoology, mineral and earth sciences, mathematics), the university library experinced significant advancement and additionally Professor Darkó organized courses to disseminate results in arts and sciences. The professors of the university were regularly invited to international conferences and the younger faculty members were gained international scholarships. The construction of the observatory together with the main building was underway, as well as the realization of the elegant on-campus professors' villas were agreed upon. The socially sensitive rector  encouraged the establishment of student housing, and student support program to enable students in need. He was especially keen ont he idea to engage young people from Transilvania soon after World War I. Furthermore he succeeded in managing the extreme anti-Semitic manifestations of certain student groups in autumn 1928.

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Csánki (Csánky) Benjámin teológus professzor, a Debreceni M. Kir. Tisza István Tudományegyetem 1929/30. tanévi rector magnificusa
14-22

Benjámin Csánki (Csánky), Professor of Theology, the Rector Magnificus of the Hungarian Royal István Tisza University of Debrecen during the Academic Year 1929/30. It was during Csánki’s rectorship that the construction of the Main Building of the University was completed, together with the professors’ re...sidential villas. The structure of the university library was also outlined in the said period. Again, it was during the time referred to that serious negotiations were launched for the purposes of establishing universitylevel
education for the agrarian program in Debrecen. The building of the university church and the construction of the modern student dormitories were also undertaken during this time. Besides offering an overview of the events of the rectorial year, the present discussion, by also looking at specific writings by him, evaluates Csánki’s most characteristic theological works.

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Tanulmányok

Magyar diákok hollandiai tanulmányai a kora újkorban
23-35

The Study of Hungarian Students at Dutch Universities in the Early Modern Age. The aim of this paper is to give an insight into the study of Hungarian sholars at Dutch universities in the Early Modern Age. The method based primarily on numerical data concerning the number of students at a university in different p...eriods divided by majors; previous educational background, SES status and occupation. The analysis also concerns the financial support of universities, provinces and cities students received at that time.

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A Kolozsvári Egyetem 1872-7919 közötti története, levéltári és könyvtári dokumentumainak feltárása és digitalizálása
36-51

The History of the University of Kolozsvár in the Years 1872 to 1919: The Exploration and the Digitalization of its Archival Material and Library Documents. The research program discussed here was launched by the Archives of the University of Szeged in the spring of 2014, and its major objective has been the expl...oration of archival material and library documents from the various collections to be found in Kolozsvár, Marosvásárhely and Hungary. Additional aims include the actual digitalization of documents, making the digitalized stock available primarily for university students and for the teaching staff, as well as the promotion of historical research. The head of the program provides here a detailed account of the project’s justifications, preparation, the hitherto covered stages, the execution of source collection and digital photography, as well as the program’s infrastructural and personal demands. Mention is also made of making the project results available, as well as the possibilities of utilization. The tasks of the near future are also treated.

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Tisza István szobrának felavatása és újraavatása Debrecenben – 1926, 2000
52-64

The Inauguration and Repeated Inauguration of the Statue of István Tisza in Debrecen: 1926 and 2000. Between 1921 and 1945, the name-giver of the University of Debrecen was István Tisza. Tisza’s personality and political aura were bound up with Debrecen, and he played a decisive role in the establishment of th...e university. Soon after his death (1918) a sort of Tisza cult began to take shape in Debrecen and he became not only a university name-giver; he was also given a statue on the campus of the university. With
the aid of contemporaneous documents and photoes, the present survey highlights the events of the 1926 inauguration celebration of the statue, then follows up its fate from the Second World War up to the year 2000, i.e. from the toppling of the statue to its repeated inauguration.

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Az elitoktatástól a tömegoktatásig (felsőoktatás Franciaországban 1953–1990)
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From Elite Higher Educational Systems to Mass Education (Higher Education in France 1953– 990). The french university sytsem is unique in Europe. It is divided between public and private higher educational sectors. This paper aims to identify tensions and  difficulties arised by the higher educational expansion... in the french higher educational system.It focuses specifically on the increase in the number of the student and the trends of the expansion after the second world war up to 1990. The introduction of the Bologna system was followed by a large wave of national and foreign students willing to enroll French universities. The significant rise in the number of students led to manifold infrastructural problems. However, the transition from the elit to the mass education not only rised problems but also generated solutions. Seen in this light and based on the rate of enrollment and gender data this study intends to highlight techniques of problem solving in higher educational setting.

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Forrásközlés

A kolozsvári példa dokumentumok a kolozsvári egyetemi menza működéséről és debreceni kapcsolatáról
77-92

In the Footsteps of Kolozsvár. Documents on Students Work at the University of Debrecen and its Connection with the University of Kolozsvár. It’s a well-known historical fact that the foundation of the students’ canteen in the University of Debrecen was one of the first steps to establish a welfare organization ...in a hope to support hundreds of students in their studies between the two World Wars in Debrecen. Also widely known that under the guidance of Nándor Láng this students’ canteen gained prosperity. At the
same time, far less attention has been given to networks and relations in higher education underpinning this initiative. Láng asked assistance and information from the University of Kolozsvár which was the only provincial university in Hungary. The letter of Béla Posta which was written to Nándor Láng in December 20, 1916 and all of the attached documents are very rare and valuable sources of the history in both universities. The paper therefore can be considered as a novelty by giving an insight into the partnership of the University of Debrecen and Kolozsvár.

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Adattár

A Debreceni Kossuth Lajos Tudományegyetem archontológiája 1950–1990. VII. rész
93-120

The Archontology of Lajos Kossuth University of Arts and Sciences (1950–1990), Part Vii: Institute of Biology. The Archontology of Kossuth University for the School of Arts, the School of Sciences, and for the So-Called „Central Units” between January 1, 1950, and December 31, 1990, was assembled on the basi...s of the personal cards and personal files archived in the Personnel Department of the Rector’s Office. As the 1950s has not furnished sufficiently with documents data was supplemented by the annually arranged
material of the Personnel Office. Even so, however, the existing material fails to be complete by making impossible to realize the archontology with perfect accuracy. Part VII presents the complete list of the Institute of Biology from institute head to janitor.

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Visszaemlékezések

Emlékezés Kovács Kálmánra, a magyar irodalomtörténet professzorára 1930–1983
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Remembering Kálmán Kovács, Professor for History of Hungarian Literature 1930–1983. In this piece of personal remembrance a onetime student recalls the figure, intellectual background and collegial ties of the literary scholar who was fated to meet an untimely death but who was highly esteemed both by his fel...low colleagues and his students.

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Debrecen szülötte, egyetemünk diákja és tanára, a 20. század kiemelkedő geológusa
126-146

Native of Debrecen, Student and Professor of our University, Significant Geologist of the 20th Century: Dr. Vilma Fux Székyné (1916–2006). Dr. Vilma Széky-Fux, an exceptional scientist of the 20th century, geologist and professor with Széchenyi Prize was born in Debrecen 100 years ago and passed away in Buda...pest 10 years ago. She carried out successful education and research at two universities contributing to geology and expert training with useful inventions and valuable works at a time of war and regime
changes. She was member of numerous national and several international scientific boards and her results were recognised abroad as well. She worked hard in aspiring student research and refereeing the results of colleagues working for scientific degrees. Her activity as an organizer, presenter and leader in the Hungarian Geological Society was outstanding. Her work was always highly respected as reflected by her prizes. The life and works of Professor Széky-Fux should stand as an example for all of us.

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Könyvismertetés


Aktualitás

Tisza István emlékezete
157-160

The Remembrance of István Tisza. The statue of István Tisza was erected in October 2015 in front of the main building of the University of Debrecen. The text conjures up the memory of the onetime name-giver of the university by depicting the events of the festive occasion of the erection and by offering retrospective ...m>flashes pertaining to the history of the statue.

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85 éves az egyetem főépülete
161-165

The 85-Year-Old Main Building of the University. What is today the main building of the University was inaugurated on May 15, 1932. Construction work on the monumental edifice took four years and on completion it was capable of accommodating, after 20 years of waiting, three faculties of the institution, as well a...s the various university offices. In a retrospective survey, the discussion highlights the most significant moments of the emergence of the main building from the laying of the cornerstone to its  inauguration.

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Szoboravatás - Nyirkos István mellszobrának avatása
166-167

The Inauguration of the Bust of István Nyirkos. A memorable educator of recent decades has been the well-liked and popular Professor of Linguistics István Nyirkos (1933–2013), whose memory is enhanced by a statue erected on the sports ground of the Athletic Club of the University of Debrecen on October 5, 2016. ...m>In his inauguration speech, fellow professor István Bitskey conjured up Professor Nyirkos’s career, in which the harmony between sports and scholarship, intellectual accomplishment and physical culture not only complemented each other but may also have served as an example for members of the academic community. The outstanding athlete and the excellent linguist did not refrain from taking an active role in the management of higher education sports, which fact has been recognized by conferring the title of perennial president of the University Athletic Club upon him. His statue could not stand at a more appropriate location than the grounds of his third home.

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