Vol 6, No 3-4 (2015)

Published September 20, 2015



Teghze Gyula jogászprofesszor, a Debreceni M. Kir. Tisza István Tudományegyetem 1922/23. tanévi rector magnificusa

GYULA TEGHZE LAW PROFESSOR, THE RECTOR MAGNIFICUS OF ISTVÁN TISZA HUNGARIAN ROYAL UNIVERSITY IN DEBRECEN DURING THE ACADEMIC YEAR OF 1922/23. Gyula Teghze (1867–1939), the founder professor of the Faculty of Law at the University of Debrecen, was the third Rector from the law faculty in the history of the unive...rsity in the academic year 1922/23. He, as a recognized jurist and professor of international law and philosophy of law, spent time at a number of universities in diferent foreign countries. He was a lecturer at the Academy of Law of the Reformed College of Debrecen from 1910, and at the University of Debrecen for a quarter of a century from 1914. During this time he served once as rector and twice as dean.

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Orsós Ferenc orvosprofesszor, a Debreceni M. Kir. Tisza István Tudományegyetem 1923/24. tanévi rector magnificusa

FERENC ORSÓS PROFESSOR OF MEDICINE, THE RECTOR MAGNIFICUS OF ISTVÁN TISZA HUNGARIAN ROYAL UNIVERSITY IN DEBRECEN DURING THE ACADEMIC YEAR OF 1923/24. Ferenc Orsós was born in Temesvár, graduated from medical school in Budapest, worked in the Institute of Pathology in Debrecen, and as a hospital commander durin...g the WWI. He was appointed a professor of pathology, and the rector of the University of Debrecen in the academic year of 1923/24. He was the professor of forensic medicine at the Péter Pázmány University from 1936 until 1944 when he leed to the West. Later on, from 1946 until his retirement in 1955 he worked as the teacher of artistic anatomy at the Art Academy in Mainz. he name of Ferenc Orsós is well-known even today, irstly in connection to the excavation of the Katyń mass graves, secondly to his active participation in the senate discussion of the so-called 3rd anti-jewish laws. His scientiic achievements have been acknowledged not just in his time, but also today, since several of his discoveries seem to be futureproof.

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Magyarországi orvostanhallgatók Bázelben készült disszertációinak szerepe a hazai orvostársadalom ismereteinek alakításában a 18. században

THE ROLE OF THE DISSERTATIONS OF HUNGARIAN MEDICAL STUDENTS IN BASEL IN THE KNOWLEDGE DEVELOPMENT OF HUNGARIAN MEDICAL COMMUNITIES IN THE 18TH CENTURY. Medical professionals acquired new knowledge for the medical practice not from scientiic journals, as today, but from books, academic thesis, disputes, dissertatio...ns received through the correspondence with Western-European professors and the mediation of students studying abroad. he university in Basel was popular among modern Hungarian protestants, but only some studied medicine, and only 5 people wrote a medical dissertation. Presumably students distributed these works amongs themselves, and they were not particularly used in the every day work of medical practicioners. hese dissertations were included in few Hungarian collections (Debrecen, Sárospatak) opposed to more popular theological works.

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Orsós Ferenc professzor és a környezetvédelem

FERENC ORSÓS AND ENVIRONMENT PROTECTION. he study connected to the rector’s proile aims to introduce the professor of forensic medicine in a diferent light than he is known for his political and scientiic career. It rather focuses on the unknown side of this outstanding man: a natural scientist nurtuting an unquenchable... devotion to trees and forests. As the supervisor of the clinical grounds, he fought in numerous occasions with the head gardener and the Financial Department of the university for saving each tree, especially during the felling at the construction of the Main Building. He also did his best to impede the proliferation of cats on the grounds, since the cats were to blame for the dangerously decreasing number of songbirds.

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A társadalmi mobilitás lehetőségei a Horthy-korszak felsőoktatási rendszerében

POSSIBILITIES OF SOCIAL MOBILITY IN THE HIGHER ADUCATION SYSTEM OF THE HORTY-ERA. he living circumstances of academic students were always determined by the prosperity of their parents. he income of parents in prestigous positions with higher qualiications provided for the education of their children, in an era wh...en high expenses deined education as a privilege for a narrow social strata. By the beginning of the 20th century, the democratization of the higher education, the apperance of women and students from lower social strata at the universities had become an international tendency. he increasing number of students in Hungary was also due to the WWI. As students came from various social backgrounds, they received an opportunity to socially rise through education. he study aims at identifying the processes behind the social mobility of academic students between the two WWs.

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Egy nyugalmazott címzetes rendkívüli egyetemi tanár baráti és tanítványi köre

A HONORARY PROFESSOR EMERITUS AMONG HIS ACADEMIC FRIENDS AND STUDENTS. he study reviews the friendships of Ferenc Zsigmond, the private university teacher endowed with the honorary professor emeritus title in the last 15 years of his life. Zsigmond gave lectures until 1934 in Debrecen, then he lived in his birth v...illage until his suicide in 1949. he reclusive scientist sufering from depression, kept up with scientiic developments through his friends and correspondents who played a signiicant role in his life. hese friendships meant a retention force for him, diverted his attention from his illness and postponed its progression. It is not surprising that his illness had turned really serious when he left the capital and moved to his birth village, Kunhegyes, where his regular correspondence ended and the lack of professional discourses weakened the oversensitive scientist.

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Igazoló eljárások a Debreceni Tudományegyetemen

SCREENING PROCEDURES AT THE UNIVERSITY OF DEBRECEN (1945–46). After the end of the World War II, at the beginning of the rebuilding of Hungary, the irst aim of the new government was the cleaning of the social and political life and the removal of the followers of the former political systems from the public ofices. ...>So in the irst half of 1945, according to the orders and laws of the Provisory Government, People’s Tribunals and political screening committees were formed in every town with the membership of the ive so-called democratic parties (Communist Party, Social Democrat Party, National Peasants’ Party, Bourgeoisdemocrat Party, Small-holders’ Party). It was also necessary to screen the employees of the public institutions, especially the higher education because the “reactionary” and the extreme right ideologies were very strong in these middle-class circles, and many of them were the member of the Hungarian Nazi parties (the Arrow- Cross Movements) and other right radical social associations (Turul Association, Volksbund etc.). his paper presents the working, the judgement and the mistakes of the screening committee of the employees of the University of Debrecen. his committee was formed in May 1945 and inished its work in the end of January
1946. In this short period the committee examined near 700 cases, but only 49 employees (professors, lectors, secretaries, other oicers, etc.) were condemned. he analyses of the working of the screening committee at University of Debrecen expands with new facts the image created about the spirit of the age, the higher education and the society of Hungary in the irst years after the World War II.

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Az agrár-felsőoktatás történetéből (Hensch Árpádtól A Debreceni Üzemtani Iskoláig): A magyaróvári „Nagy Tanári Kar” egyik kiválósága Hensch Árpád 1847–1913

FROM THE HISTORY OF AGRICULTURAL HIGHER EDUCATION. his paper connects the two periods and places of Hungarian agricultural higher education. he link is the scientiic work of Árpád Hensch – professor of Academy of Agricultural Sciences in  Mosonmagyaróvár at the end of the 19th century – which has a signiicant<.../em> efect on the Hungarian economic higher education even nowadays. his signiicance is proven by the eforts since the 1960s in Debrecen evolved on the Department of Business Economics in the former University of Agricultural Sciences.

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Az 1944 novemberében-decemberében Budapesten felavatott debreceni doktorok

INAGURATION OF DOCTORS IN DEBRECEN IN NOVEMBER AND DECEMBER OF 1944. After war had reached the István Tisza University in Debrecen in October 1944, the majority of the professors led to Budapest where they held several meetings. Doctors, who had received their degree earlier, were inagurated in Budapest between N...ovember 4 and December 20 in the name of the Debrecen University (23 medical, 3 law, 3 political science, 2 arts doctorate certiicates were given). he partly oicial operation in Budapest lasted until the second part of December, while some of the professors in Budapest, some in rural areas waited out the end of the ights. Some, though, had joined the medical training in Halle and Breslau organized by András Csilléry appointed government commissioner.

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A debreceni Kossuth Lajos Tudományegyetem archontológiája (1950–1990) IV. rész

ARCHONTOLOGY OF LAJOS KOSSUTH UNIVERSITY IV.: INSTITUTE OF HISTORY (1950–1990). he archontology of the Arts and Sciences Faculties of Lajos Kossuth University -the so-called central units of the university between Januar1, 1950–December 31, 1990 was prepared on the basis of the personal and personnel files of ...the Administration Department supported by the annual documentation of the Adminsitration from the fless documented 1950s. he exisiting materials are not complete, therefore the preparation of a comprehensive archontology is not possible. Part III. demonstrates the complete and detailed teacher and satf list of the Institute of History from the oice director to the administrators.

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Egyetemi legendárium – emlékek, töredékek a Debreceni Tudományegyetem történetéből

MEMOIRS OF LÁSZLÓ VINCE, PART I. László Vince started his career at the University of Debrecen in 1951 as a stenographer at the Lecture notes oice. After the termination of the oice, from 1952 he worked at he Regsitrar oice of the Arts Faculty, and in 1956 he was transferred to the Rector’s Oice where he worked as...m> a unit director of external afairs (secretary of the rector) between 1972 and 1990, his retirement. During his oice years he gained extensive knowledge ont he history of the university. In 1950s he had contact with
the oicers from the previous era. His detailed but rather subjective memoirs are published in two parts with extensive endnoting.

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Book Reviews

A Sárospataki Református Kollégium története: Sárospatak, Hernád Kiadó, 2013, 204 lap

Dienes Dénes-Ugrai János: A Sárospataki Református Kollégium története - recenzió

A Pápai Református Kollégium diákjai (1585–1861): Szerkesztette Köblös József, (Pápai Református Gyűjtemények. Forrásközlések 9.) Pápa, 2006, 1060 lap + 11 képtábla

A Pápai Református Kollégium diákjai (1585–1861) - recenzió

Az egri Domus Universitatis és Líceum, Oktatás, tudomány, művészet (1763–2013): Szerkesztette Petercsák Tivadar, Líceum Kiadó, Eger, 2013, 499 lap

Az egri Domus Universitatis és Líceum, Oktatás, tudomány, művészet (1763–2013) - recenzió

Peregrinus Sum, Studies in History of Hungarian-Dutch Cultural Relations in Honour of Ferenc Postma on the Occasion of His 70th Birthday: Szerkesztette Margriet Gosker, Monok István, Budapest-Amsterdam, 2015, 292 lap

Peregrinus Sum, Studies in History of Hungarian-Dutch Cultural Relations in Honour of Ferenc Postma on the Occasion of His 70th Birthday - recenzió

„Ernyedetlen szorgalommal…” A Debreceni Tudományegyetem jogász professzorai (1914–1949): Szerkesztette P. Szabó Béla (Historia Facultatis Iuridicae IV.) Debreceni Egyetem Jog- és Államtudományi Kara, Debrecen, 2014, 688 lap

„Ernyedetlen szorgalommal…” A Debreceni Tudományegyetem jogász professzorai (1914–1949) - recenzió

Hit – Tudomány – Közélet, A Debreceni Tudományegyetem Református Hittudományi Kara (1914–1950) professzorainak életrajzi adattára és életútleírása: Összeállították Kovács I. Gábor, Takács Árpád, szerkesztette Kovács I. Gábor, (Magyarországi egyetemi tanárok életrajzi adattára 1848–1944. II.) ELTE Eötvös Kiadó, [Budapest], 2014, 220 lap

Hit – Tudomány – Közélet, A Debreceni Tudományegyetem Református Hittudományi Kara (1914–1950) professzorainak életrajzi adattára és életútleírása - recenzió



Debreceni zenetörténet – Az évfordulók tükrében

MUSIC HISTORY OF DEBRECEN – IN REFLECTION OF ANNIVERSARIES. he study provides an extensive review of the 50 year history of professional music education in Debrecen. Special attention is put on the changes in the institutional structure of the training from the foundation of vocational school of music arts in 1966 to the present Music Fac...ulty of the University of Debrecen. he writing relects not only on the spaces, forums of the daily teaching and artistic work, the living areas of the students, the international relations, but also on the important role the Faculty plays in the cultural life of the city.

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A Debreceni Egyetem Műszaki Karának fél évszázada

50 YEARS OF THE TECHNOLOGY FACULTY OF THE UNIVERSITY OF DEBRECEN. he study reviews the higher education background of the technology education from 1965–2000 in relation to its teaching and organizational history. It describes the anniversary ceremony of the Technology Faculty organized in May 2015. hrough a sel...ection of the most important statements at this ceremony, the writing shows the reults of the Faculty in the past 15 years.

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