Vol 9, No 4 (2018): MMXVIII vol. IX. nr. 4

Published March 19, 2019

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Portraits

Tankó Béla filozófiaprofesszor, a debreceni M. kir, Tisza István- Tudományegyetem 1936-37. tanévi rector magnificusa
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Béla Tankó Professor of Philosophy the Rector Magnificus of the Hungarian Royal István Tisza University of Debrecen during the academic year 1936–37. After being a teacher in a secondary grammar school in Saxonpolis (Transylvania) Béla Tankó became the leader of the Department of Philosophy as a professor at the newly established Debrece...n University of Arts and Sciences. He managed the Department on the ideas of neo-Kantianism what he learned in Cluj. He also managed the Department of Pedagogy as substitute for some years and hold English lessons as lecturer. He took part in establishing Summer University together with János Hankiss and Rezső Milleker. He was the Rector of the university in the academic year 1936–37 that was the period of the silent development. He was famous for his love of music, he patronized music, and during his rectorate, the University Music Circle was founded and the university received a piano. He died in 1946 after a long professorate not long before his retirement.

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Studies

A Bécsi Egyetem Szent László-orációi a 17. században
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Saint Ladislaus’ Day Orations at the University of Vienna in the 17th Century. The University of Vienna played a highly important role in the promotion of Saint Ladislaus’ cult in the 16th century. The festive oration was presented on the occasion of the annual solemnities held in honour of St. Ladislaus by a specially chosen student. Due t...o the king’s presence and under the influence of Jesuit supervision actual political topics and analogies between Habsburg sovereigns and St. Ladislaus were highly appreciated in the text of orations. There are two sources of collected editions of St. Ladislaus day’s orations available for study. The first one is owed to Franciscus Xaverius Cetto who collected and published in 1693 orations presented after 1655. The second volume was produced by Miklós Jankovich at the end of the 18th century. The latter is the only source of Miklós Zrínyi’s first prose work (1634). He depicts St. Ladislaus as hero of knight king, predecissor of Ferdinand III. with the inclusion of first clues to Zrínyi’s future political programme. His thoughts are also reflected in the orations by counts Esterházy in which comparison to Habsburg monarchs gains even more emphasis. Similar parallelism appears on the portrait St. Ladislaus of the Nádasdy- Mausoleum which was inspired by the Augsburg and Brunn edition of the Thuróczy’s Chronicle (1488).

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A római jog szerepe a jogászképzésben
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Die Rolle des römischen Rechts in der Juristenausbildung. Im ersten Teil der Abhandlung behandelt der Verfasser dieser Studie die unterschiedlichen Interpretationen des Begriffs „römisches Recht” (ius Romanum) im Mittelalter und in der Neuzeit. Er befaßt sich mit der Richtung „heutiges römisches Recht” im Laufe des 19. Jahrhunderts.... Es wird auch das Verhältnis zwischen dem römischen Recht und dem ius patrium im Zeitalter der großen Kodifkationen in Europa analysiert. Im nächsten Teil des Aufsatzes gibt der Verfasser einen Überblick über die verschiedenen Formen des Unterrichtes des römischen Rechts in einer Anzahl der europäischen Staaten. Er unterstreicht die Bedeutung des Faches „Privatrechtsgeschichte der Neuzeit” für den Unterricht des römischen Rechts in Deutschland. Des weiteren werden die unterschiedlichen Ansichten im Hinblick auf die Relevanz des Unterrichts des römischen Rechts einer eingehenden Analyse unterzogen. Der Autor befasst sich mit dem Projet Francoltalien des Contrats et des Obligations v. J. 1928 vom Aspekt seines römischrechtlichen Inhalts her. Im letzten Teil der Abhandlung betont der Verfasser die Bedeutung des römischen Rechts für die Rechtsangleichung bzw. Rechtsvereinheitlichung in der Europäischen Gemeinschaft bzw. in der Europäischen Union (EU). Er hebt die Relevanz der verschiedenen römischrechtlichen Institute und Konstruktionen für die Dogmatik des modernen Zivilrechts bzw. Privatrechts hervor. Der Autor kommt zur Schlußfolgerung, dass das römische Recht im privatrechtlichen Bereich auch durch die Anwendung der allgemeinen Grundsätze (Prinzipien) des Rechts eine herausragende Rolle spielen kann, wobei jedoch dem Aspekt der Dekontestualisierung Rechnung getragen werden soll. Das römische Recht spielt auch als tertium comparationis im Bereich der Rechtsvergleichung eine nicht zu unterschätzende Rolle. Die immer mehr wahrnehmbare Tendenz der Konvergenz der unterschiedlichen Rechtsordungen fördert diese Rolle des römischen Rechts, wodurch auch dessen Gewicht in der Juristenausbildung erheblich zunimmt und auch in der Zukunft zunehmen wird.

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Feltáratlan emlékek Kenézy Gyula életéből és munkásságából
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Unexplored memories from the life and work of Gyula Kenézy. Gyula Kenézy is an outstanding historical figure of the University of Debrecen as well as of the City of Debrecen. Beyond many sculptures, street, prize, a hospital, and a civil society which carry his memories, the cities of Debrecen and Hajdúszoboszló regularly remember the renow...ned professor. Many monographs gave the account of his life and accomplishments, and a collection of his relics gained a permanent place for commemoration in the Museum of Hajdúszoboszló. Nevertheless, one-hundred years after the beginning of medical education in Debrecen, new pieces of historical records continue to enrich our memories about Gyula Kenézy. For the first time in its history, the Kenézy Memorial Day was organized by the Kenézy Civil Society and the University of Debrecen together in 2017. The program provided us with exciting recollections, and so far unraveled details of the life of Gyula Kenézy.

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Felsőoktatási és tudományos intézmények képviselete a magyar Országgyűlés Felsőházában 1927-1944
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Representation of the Higher Educational and Scientific Institutions in the Upper House of the Hungarian Parliament in 1927–1944. The Upper House, what was the second chamber of the Hungarian Parliament, was functioning between 1927 and 1944 and followed the image of the Main House (House of Magnets) before 1918, but operated in a more democr...atic spirit and structure. Besides the aristocrats and the leaders of the church, the representatives of the higher educational and scientific institutions, and economic organizations deserved a place. The study overviews the Upper House representation of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, universities in the capital and in the country, other scientific organizations, and other institutions of higher education, and there is enclosed a list of the representatives of the above mentioned institutions exactly to the day.

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Sources

Javaslat a trimesztriális rendszer bevezetésére – A debreceni jog- és államtudományi kar felterjesztésé gróf Zichy János vallás- és közoktatásügyi miniszterhez (1918. augusztus 1.)
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Proposal for the Introduction of the Trimester System – Proposal by Faculty of Law of the University of Debrecen to Earl János Zichy, Minister of Religion and Public Education. The Faculty of Law of the University of Debrecen in the last period of the World War I. made a proposal in order to divide the school year to three semester. It was a... strange source of the history of the Hungarian higher education. Based on this document can be cognizable the real life and thinking of the students of the university who came back from the war and of the professors who met with them the first time. The trimestrial system of the higher education was favoured by the students too, but it wasn’t able to come to real because the collapse of the Monarchy.

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Repertoire

A debreceni Kossuth Lajos Tudományegyetem archontológiája 1950–1990 XIII. rész
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The Archontology of Lajos Kossuth University of Arts and Sciences (1950–1990), Part XIII : Directorate / Directorate-General for Economic Affairs. The Archontology of Kossuth University for the School of Arts, the School of Sciences, and for the so-called „Central Units” between January 1, 1950, and December 31, 1990, was compiled on the ...basis of the personal cards and personal files of the Personnel Department of the Rector’s Office, and the scantily documented section for the 1950s was supplemented from the annually arranged documentary material of the Personnel Office. Even so, however, the existing material fails to be complete. It is impossible to compile the archontology with perfect accuracy. Part XIII presents the complete list pertaining to the Directorate for Economic Affairs from director-general to coadjutor.

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Remembrance

Hatvani István, a polihisztor professzor
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István Hatvani, the polyhistor Professor. István Hatvani interpreted his professorship as profession devoted to cultivation and instruction of sciences. Besides being a determined theologian of the Reformed Church, he also owned profund knowledge in all disciplines of natural sciences of his age. As well, he was aware of the relationship betw...een these two fields of sciences and philosophy. According to his considerations, the Newtonian view of nature was acceptable, which explains him discarding the ‚logic-deductive based science concept’ of Christian Wolff. His passion to work, as well as to his marriage was deeply influenced by his Christian faith.

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Book Reviews

A Pozsonyi Evangélikus Líceum felsőfokú hallgatói 1714-1851
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A Pozsonyi Evangélikus Líceum felsőfokú hallgatói 1714-1851 - recenzió

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A kassai felsőoktatás intézményeinek hallgatói 1776-1852
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A kassai felsőoktatás intézményeinek hallgatói 1776-1852 - recenzió

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Actualities

Árvay Emléknap 2017. május 26.
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Árvay Memorial Day. The Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of the University of Debrecen organised a memorial meeting in honour of its former director, Professor Sándor Árvay, on the occasion of the 20th anniversary of his death. The text presents the events of the memorial day (the inauguration of the statue of Professor Árvay, a mem...orial scientific sitting, a meeting of the retired colleagues), the major events of Professor Árvay’s life and his merits.

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A debreceni agrárfelsőoktatás első 150 éve
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The first 150 years of Agricultural Tertiary Education in Debrecen. The Georgikon in Keszthely was founded in 1797 as the first one in the line of subsequent agricultural tertiary institutions and was followed by one in Magyaróvár in 1818. It was fifty years later – that is one and a half centuries ago – that the National Higher Instituti...on of Agriculture opened its gates in Debrecen. The speech that opened the first academic year at the new agricultural higher school was delivered by the then director Péter Papi Balogh and it has been preserved for later generations. On 5 September 2018, a hundred and fifty years later, Dean István Komlósi had the honour to recall the first 150 years of agricultural tertiary education in Debrecen. His speech is published in full length by Gerundium, the journal devoted to papers on the history of the University of Debrecen.

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