No. 1 (2021)
Articles

‘Kindergarten’ keeping-system in farrowing house: effect the socialization of piglets on weight performances, fecal cortisol metabolite level and post-weaning behavior

Published June 1, 2021
Gabriella Novotniné Dankó
University of Debrecen Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences and Environmental Management Institute of Animal Science, Biotechnology and Nature
László Huzsvai
Debreceni Egyetem, Gazdaságtudományi Kar, Statisztika és Módszertani Intézet, Statisztika és Módszertani nem önálló Tanszék
Margit Huszenicza-Kulcsár
University of Veterinary Medicine, Department and Clinic of Reproduction, Endocrine-laboratory, Budapest
Zsolt Győri
Hanna Jankowiak
Department of Animal Breeding, Faculty of Animal Breeding and Biology, UTP University of Science and Technology, Bydgoszcz, Poland
Eva Vaclavkova
Institute of Animal Science, Prague-Uhříněves/Kostelec nad Orlicí, Czech Republic
Péter Balogh
University of Debrecen, Faculty of Economics and Business, Department of Research Methodology and Statistics, Debrecen
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APA

Novotniné Dankó, G., Huzsvai , L., Huszenicza-Kulcsár, M. ., Győri, Z. ., Jankowiak, H., Vaclavkova, E., & Balogh, P. (2021). ‘Kindergarten’ keeping-system in farrowing house: effect the socialization of piglets on weight performances, fecal cortisol metabolite level and post-weaning behavior. Acta Agraria Debreceniensis, (1), 167–174. https://doi.org/10.34101/actaagrar/1/9044

This study aimed to examine whether litters’ let-together system before weaning (‘kindergarten-system’) has any stress effect and effect on post-weaning behavior, respectively. One week before weaning piglets were socialized by removing four adjacent farrowing crate walls. After weaning, piglets from the same experimental groups were housed in the same rearing crates. The piglet’s body weight was measured at birth than weekly till the 7th life-week. Fecal cortisol metabolites were measured for evaluation of the adrenocortical activity. Personal observation and evaluation were carried out for behavioral analyses after weaning. There were no significant differences in weight development and cortisol metabolite levels between the control and experimental groups. Behavioral analysis showed that pigs grow up in a socialized system, rapidly evolve ranking in the rearing crates, and the self-maintenance and social behavior were more pronounced. In control groups, the activity involving movement (exploring, walking, and running) was much more decisive. Recent work suggested the beneficial effect of the ‘kindergarten’ system in the farrowing house in animal welfare aspects.

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