Vol. 28 (2022)
Articles

Evaluation of hot pepper (Capsicum annum L.) varieties for green pod yield and quality under rain fed production at Teppi, South Western Ethiopia

Published July 27, 2022
A. S. Shamil
Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research (EIAR), Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Teppi Agricultural Research Center, Po. Box 34, Teppi, Ethiopia
J. G. Merga
Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research (EIAR), Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
pdf

APA

Shamil, A. S., & Merga, J. G. (2022). Evaluation of hot pepper (Capsicum annum L.) varieties for green pod yield and quality under rain fed production at Teppi, South Western Ethiopia. International Journal of Horticultural Science, 28, 45–49. https://doi.org/10.31421/ijhs/28/2022/10419

The trials were designed with three replications in a randomized complete block design in order to evaluate the phenological, growth and yield potential of hot pepper varieties such as ‘Mareko fana’, ‘Melka Zala’, ‘Melka Awaze’, ‘Melka Shote’ and local check. Significant difference was observed between growing year and used varieties. The varieties also performed significantly different (p<0.05) for most of the considered traits in the study. The result revealed that varieties ‘Melka Zala’, ‘Mareko fana’ and ‘Melka Awaze’ were scored highest green pod yield of 8.39, 8.71 and 11.39 ton per hectare, respectively. However, ‘Mareko fana’ variety was susceptible to disease attack as compared to other varieties. Therefore, promoting both ‘Melka Awaze’ and ‘Melka Zala’ varieties for widespread production for Teppi and the areas with similar agro-ecological conditions could contribute to boost the productivity of hot pepper. ‘Mareko fana’ could also be used for dry pod purpose due to its attractive color.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...
  1. Abraham, A., Alemayehu, W., Kanko, C. (2016): Performance Evaluation of Elite Hot Pepper (Capsicum Annum) Varieties for Yield and Yield Components at Derashea, South Eastern Ethiopia. International Journal of Research Granthaalayah, 4(12), 95-100. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.222635.
  2. Berhanu Y, Derbew B, Wosene G, Fekadu M. (2011): Variability, heritability and genetic advance in hot pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) genotypes in West Shoa, Ethiopia. American-Eurasian Journal of Agriculture and Environmental Science, 10(4): 587-592.
  3. Beyene T, David P. (2007): Ensuring small scale producers in Ethiopia to achieve sustainable and fair access to pepper market. Uganda Journal of Agriculture. 3(2):113-119.
  4. Bosland, P. W., & Votava, E. J. (2000): Peppers, Vegetables and Spices Capsicum (p. 198). CABI Publishing, New York.
  5. CSA (Central statistical agency). (2017/18): Agricultural sample survey, report on area and production of major crops of meher season for private peasant holdings. Volume I, statistical bulletin 586. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
  6. Dessie, G., Birhanu, H. (2017): Growth and Yielding Potential of Hot Pepper Varieties under Rain-Fed Production at Woreta, Northwestern Ethiopia. International Journal of Research Studies in Agricultural Sciences (IJRSAS) Volume 3, Issue 3, 2017, PP 11-18 ISSN 2454-6224 http://dx.doi.org/10.20431/2454-6224.0303002 www.arcjournals.org.
  7. FAOSTAT. (2017): FAO Statistics Division 2014. Crops/World Regions/Production Quantity/Chillies and Peppers, Green and Dried from Pick List. Retrievd from https://www.faostat.fao.org
  8. Fekadu, M., Dandena, G. (2006): Review of the status of vegetable crops production and marketing in Ethiopia. Uganda J. Agric. Sci, 12(2), pp.26-30.
  9. Haileslassie, G., Haile, A.,Wakuma,B.and Kedir,J. (2015): Performance evaluation of hot pepper (Capsicum annumL.) varieties for Productivity under irrigation at Raya Valley, Northern, Ethiopia. Basic Res.J. Agric. Sci. Rev., 4(7): 211-216.
  10. Kahsay, Y. (2017): Evaluation of hot pepper varieties (capsicum species) for growth, dry pod yield and quality at M/Lehke District, Tigray, Ethiopia. International Journal of Engineering Development and Research, 5(3), pp.15-27.
  11. Melaku, F.T., Alemayehu, T.G., Lidet, B.T. (2015): Adaptation trail of different improved hot pepper (Capsicum species) varieties under Gedeo Zone, Dilla, Ethiopia. International Journal of Life Sciences, 4(4), pp.216-220.
  12. Melkasa Agricultural Research Center. (2005): Progress Report on Completed Activities. pp: 1-7.
  13. Molla, T., Kassahun, Y., Melikamu, W. (2019): Evaluation of hot pepper varieties (Capsicum spps) for yield related traits, quality and yield in Burie district, West Gojjam Zone, Ethiopia. International Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science, Vol 6(3), 581-588.
  14. Obidiebube, E.A., Eruotor, P.G., Akparobi, S.O., Emosaariue, S.O., Achebe, U.A., Kator, P.E. (2012): Response of four cultivars of pepper (Capsicum frutescens L.) to different levels of NPK fertilizer in rainforest agro ecological zone. International Journal of AgriScience, 2(12), 1143-1150.
  15. Rodriguez, Y., Depestre, T., Gomez, O. (2008): Efficiency of selection in pepper lines (Capsicum annuum) from four subpopulations in characters of productive interest. Cienciae Investigación Agraria, 35(1), 29-40
  16. Seleshi D, Derebew B, Ali M. (2014): Pepper varieties (Capsicum spp.) for growth, dry pod yield and quality under Jimma condition, South West Ethiopia. Int. J. Agric. Res. 9(7):364-374.
  17. Tibebu, S., Bizuayehu, T. (2014): Growth and productivity of hot pepper (Capsicum annuuml.) as affected by variety, nitrogen and phosphorous at Jinka, Southern Ethiopia. Res. J. Agric. Environ. Manage. 3(9): 427-433.