Ethics and Malpractice
Landscape & Environment (L&E) is an electronic peer reviewed international journal committed to upholding the highest standards of publication ethics. In order to provide our readers with a journal of the highest quality we declare our commitment to the principles outlined in this Publication Ethics and Malpractice Statement.
All articles not in accordance with these standards will be removed from the publication if malpractice is discovered at any time, even after publication. LE checks all papers in a half-blind peer review process. The Journal also checks for plagiarism and research fabrication (invention of research data); falsification (manipulation of existing research data, tables, or images) and improper use of humans or animals in research. In accordance with the code of conduct the Journal will report any cases of suspected plagiarism or duplicate publishing.
The Journal reserves the right to use plagiarism detecting software (iThenticate Plagiarism Software-CrossCheck) to screen submitted papers at all times. Submissions are compared against several databases.
Only submissions by one of the authors will be accepted. The submitting author will take responsibility for the paper during submission and peer review. The submitting author can contact firstname.lastname@example.org for support.
Authors must ensure that they have written original works. In addition they must ensure that the manuscript has not been published elsewhere. Any work or passages written by other authors, contributors, or sources should be appropriately credited and referenced. Authors are also responsible for language editing before submitting the article. Authors submitting their works to the journal for publication as original articles confirm that the submitted works represent their authors’ contributions and have not been copied or plagiarized in whole or in part from other works without clearly citing. Any work or passages written by other authors, contributors, or sources (including online sites) should be appropriately credited and referenced. All authors should disclose financial or any other conflict(s) of interest that might influence the results or interpretation of their manuscript (financial support for the project should be disclosed). When an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his/her own published work, it is the author’s obligation to promptly notify the journal editor and cooperate with the editor to retract or correct the paper. An author agrees to the license agreement before submitting the article. All articles must be submitted using the online submission procedure. Submitting a paper simultaneously to more than one publication at a time is a breach of publication ethics.
Editors must ensure a fair half-blind peer-review of the articles submitted for publication. They will strive to prevent any potential conflict of interests between the author and editorial and review personnel. Editors will also ensure that all information relating to submitted manuscripts is kept confidential before publishing. The Editor-in-Chief will coordinate the work of the editors.
Reviewers evaluate manuscripts based on content without regard to the ethnic origin, gender, sexual orientation, citizenship, religious belief or political philosophy of the authors. They must ensure that all information related to submitted manuscripts is kept confidential and must report to the Editor-in-Chief if they are aware of any copyright infringement and/or plagiarism on the part of the author. They must evaluate the submitted works objectively as well as present their opinions on the works in a clear way in the review form. A reviewer who feels unqualified to review the research reported in a manuscript or knows that its prompt review will be impossible should notify the Editor-in-Chief and excuse him/herself from the review process.
The authors will be informed by e-mail if there is any action required in relation their submission.
When a submission has been accepted, a copy will be returned to the author for copy-editing, and so that the edited version can be read through and any major changes can be made to the article before publication. The authors must send back their final version within 1-2 weeks.
Once the PDF documents have been created, the author will be asked to proofread them before publication. This is the last chance the author will have to make any changes to their article before publication. The author must send back their proofreading corrections within 2-4 days.
Download our Authorʹs declaration here.