Rita Nandori currently pursues a Ph.D. in American Studies at the University of Debrecen. Her research interests include Canadian Studies, especially Inuit literature, ethnography, Indigenous research methodologies and postcolonial theory. Her papers have been accepted for publication in the Central European Journal of Canadian Studies and the Eger Journal of American Studies, and she is the author of the novel The Earth Dark. She is also a member of the Central European Association for Canadian Studies. Her current research focuses on Inuit identity, the appearance of homeland in Inuit poetry; and Inuit life writing, particularly women’s writing.
The Arctic is home to many distant and distinct Inuit communities and dialects. The strength of the Inuit originates in their being tethered to the same ancient narrative harkening back to common ancestral traditions, songs, and stories that characterize the Inummariit, the “real Inuk.” The wisdom of these traditions called quajimajatuqangit, or Inuit knowledge, is the key to creating nationhood among the Inuit via unikkausivut, sharing stories. This paper examines how affirming shared roots, common goals, and speaking with a united voice—the credo of the Circumpolar Council, the prime Inuit organization in the North—has helped establish an Inuit national identity for all Inuit living in several different regions and countries across the Arctic. In Canada, the creation of the semi-sovereign territory of Nunavut and the acknowledgement of the Inuit Nunangat, or homeland, have further aided the Inuit in redefining themselves. (RN)