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To the Critical Period of the History of the University of Pozsony 1914–1923
Published June 30, 2020

Elizabeth University of Arts and Sciences that was founded in 1912 started functioning with opening the Faculty of Law in the autumn of 1914. The first lectures were held only at the beginning of 1918 at the Faculty of Arts and at the autumn of 1918 at the Medical Faculty. On 1st of January in 1919 the Czech Legion marched in Pozsony (later Bra...tislava), and from this point on the possibility of the further operation of the university was uncertain. In the September of 1919 the Czechoslovak State occupied all real estates of the university, consequently, education at the Faculty of Arts and at Medical Faculty of the Elizabeth University was  finished. The university teachers and students of these faculties fled to Hungary. Education at the Faculty of Law was going on until the summer of 1921, and then this faculty was also closed. The university as displaced educational institution together with the similarly displaced University of Kolozsvár (Cluj-Napoca) continued her activity in Budapest. In 1923, the University gained her final place in Pécs.

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Plans for Establishing a University at the Time of Bishop György Klimo
Published June 30, 2020

One of the most important goals of Bishop Gyorgy Klimo of Pécs was to improve the education of his diocese’s clergy. This objective was subject to change and development through his years as bishop: from time to time one can identify many new elements in his educational plans. Klimo intended to establish a strong educational institution,, besides serving as a preparatory school for the faculty of theology, he planned to build a university on, and which, in the same time, could become a fundament of regional education and culture. These components appeared as a complex structure in his concept: with the establishment of the university he wanted to enhance the reputation of his diocese and his see, while he also aimed to improve the scholarship of the clergy. In this paper I show the process of the new school’s establishment, while I also attempt to find answer to the question that what kind of institution did Klimo exactly want to create in 1769 in Pécs.

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Gondolatok a pécsi tudományegyetem jubileuma kapcsán
Published March 13, 2019
193 - 201

Thoughts about the University of Pécs Celebrating it’s 650th Jubilee. The University of Pécs, the first ever university in Hungary, celebrated the 650th anniversary of its establishment in September 2017. The study briefly describes the different projects and events that were initiated in Pécs but also around the country in order to celebr...ate the jubilee condignly. These efforts included university and department level publications, exhibitions, and other events that attracted attention above and beyond the city of Pécs. It is important to note, that there were a number of international scholars and collaborators involved in the organization of some events.

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University and Universality. The Place and Role of the University of Pécs in Europe from the Middle Ages to present Day
Published March 18, 2019
158 - 165

University and Universality. The Place and Role of the University of Pécs in Europe from the Middle Ages to present Day című kiadvány recenziója

Alapítvány a XIX. századból A hallgatók étkeztetését szolgáló Gárdos János-alap alapítólevele
Published April 12, 2015

FOUNDATION FROM THE 20TH CENTURY: THE MEMORANDUM OF GÁRDOS JÁNOS FOUNDATION FOR STUDENT CATERING. At the end of the 19 th century, Mrs. János Gárdos – born as Júlia Andrássy, and died on February 26, 1894, – the widower of Dr. János Gárdos, a doctor from Budapest, ofered a signiicant donation in her will for the future establishment of the dining commons of the third university founded by the state. Following the foundation of the universities in Budapest and Kolozsvar, two universities were being organized in 1912, thus the inancies dedicated to the third university was divided between the universities in Debrecen and Pozsony (later the one in Pécs). he author demonstrates, besides the publication of the official founding document from 1934, the important role of the Gárdos János foundation played in the dining of the university students in the irst two decades of the existence of the university.

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Jubilee chronicle, Remembering the foudation of the university 650 years ago
Published September 14, 2019

A Pécsi Tudományegyetem 6510 éves évfordulójára megjelentetett Per Aspera ad Astra különszámának ismertetése

Inscrutable Students.Searching for Enemy in Hungarian Universities at the Beginning of Fifties
Published January 14, 2020

„Unknowable Students”. „Searching for the Enemy” at the Hungarian Universities in the Beginning of the Fifties. The Communist Party organization of Hungarian universities, in order to fulfil one of their main tasks, i.e. to “unmask the enemy”, attempted to gather a lot of information about the students. They collected d...ata through admission procedures about their class-origin, which was reckoned as basic indicator of their political reliability, while functionaries tried to force them to verbalize their opinion and to comment daily political events in obligatory courses of Marxism-Leninism and in other formal and informal discussions. Besides the identification of the “enemy”, the forcing of political statements had the purpose to get the chance to correct them. However, the overstraining of political issues, the circulating process of re-learning the same parts of Communist ideology over and over again, along with the overreaction of functionaries to politically “incorrect” opinions led to an unwanted effect. Reports on the effectiveness of contemporary practices of indoctrination stated several times that the ideological dissemination of knowledge does not provide some students with a world view, but rather a practical knowledge: the students, instead of revealing their real thoughts “learned to speak Marxism”.

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Klebelsberg Kunó kulturális politikája és a felsőoktatás
Published March 18, 2019
102 - 126

The Cultural Policy of Kuno Klebelsberg and the Higher Education. The study presents the higher education policy of one of the best known and succesful Hungarian Minister of Religion and Education (1922–1931) Kuno Klebelsberg (1875–1932). As a politician of a state dismembered to one third of her original size-a consequence of the war loss ...and the Trianon peace treaty-he became a minister in miserable economic circumstances. With the contribution of him the stabilization of so-called refugee universities (from Kolozsvár and Pozsony to Budapest and then to Szeged [1921] and to Pécs [1923], the Academy of Minery and Forestry from Selmecbánya to Sopron [1918–1919]) could succesfuly be managed. Because of his conservative-liberal political attitude he tried to ease the effects of the so-called Numerus clausus Acts of 1920 which made the university entrance for Jewish Hungarians extremely serious. In 1928 he achieved the modification of that regulation. Instead of Budapest he supported the development of universities of Debrecen, Szeged and Pécs as a consequence of his well-grounded education policy based on decentralization. With his higher education policy he made great contribution to preserve the pre Great War Hungarian higher educational capacity in a dismembered Hungary lost 60% of her original population.

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Beáta Tombi: Science and Popular Education in Italy in XVII-XVIII century
Published January 14, 2020

Where we could draw the line between scientifique and general information publications? What are the main criteria based on which we could separate the scientifique and educational texts? These are the questions that are to be answered in the new book of Beata Tombi, lecturer of the University of Pecs. The book review was prepared by Laszló Pe...te.

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Székely György történészprofesszor (1924–2016)
Published October 18, 2016

Commemorating Professor György Székely. This professor of history of Loránt Eötvös University of Arts and Sciences possessed an unusually broad range of professional interests. In one phase of his professional career he showed a profound interest in the history of Hungarian universities of medieval times: Pécs, ...Óduda, Pozsony and he elaborated on this issue in a number of studies. The related study offers a survey of the university historical work of Professor Székely, who passed away in 2016, at the age of 92, also providing a synopsis of the most significant stages of his professional career.

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