Vol 7, No 1-2 (2016): MMXVI vol. VII. nr. 1-2.

Published April 10, 2016



Papp Károly irodalomprofesszor, a Debreceni M. Kir. Tisza István Tudományegyetem 1924-25. tanévi Rector Magnificusa

KÁROLY PAP, PROFESSOR OF LITERATURE, WAS RECTOR MAGNIFICUS OF THE ROYAL ISTVÁN TISZA UNIVERSITY FOR THE ACADEMIC YEAR OF 1924–1925. Károly Pap was born in Beregrákos, he conducted his university studies at Kolozsvár, and later in Budapest, where he earned a teacher’s degree in Hungarian and Latin, and lat...er he received a doctor’s degree in Hungarian literature. In Budapest, from 1898 he was teaching at Veres Pálné secondary school for girls and from 1908 he became professor of Hungarian literature at the Arts Academy of the Reformed College. From 1914, until he retired in 1942, he served as ordinary public professor at the Department of Hungarian literature at the University of Debrecen. In the 1924–25 academic year he served as president of the university. His main professional interest was Hungarian literature of the 18th and 19th centruries, and he was regarded as a conservative historian of literature.

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Lencz Géza teológiaprofesszor, a Debreceni M. Kir. Tisza István Tudományegyetem 1925/26. tanévi Rector Magnificusa

GÉZA LENCZ, PROFESSOR OF THEOLOGY, WAS RECTOR MAGNIFICUS OF THE ROYAL ISTVÁN TISZA UNIVERSITY OF DEBRECEN FOR THE ACADEMIC YEAR OF 1925–26. He was born in Vámospércs. He completed his studies in theology in Debrecen, Vienna and Utrecht. He was a Reformed minister at Tápé, Tiszarof, and Mezőtúr, and in 19...09 he was appointed professor of dogmatics and of the philosophy of religion at the heological Academy of the Protestant College. Later he became ordinary teacher of divinity and associated studies at the University of Debrecen, founded in 1914, until his death in 1932. He was the Rector of the university in the 1925/26 academic year. He was primarily interested in the history of Hungarian Protestanism of the 16th and 17th centuries, and in dogmatics history.

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Emlékezés Visky Károlyra (1908-1984), a római jog nemzetközi hírű művelőjére

KÁROLY VISKY WAS AN INTERNATIONALLY KNOWN SCHOLAR OF ROMAN LAW. he present paper describes the life and scholarly activities of Dr. Károly Visky, who was a sub auspiciis scholar of law at the Royal István Tisza University of Debrecen. he paper highlights the fact that Visky achieved a highly respectable scholarly career... while working as a practising lawyer. He did not hold an academic chair, yet he became an internationally recognized representative of the study of Roman law in Hungary. he paper introduces the main ideas of his most important scholarly writings.

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Tanult orvosok a középkori Magyar Királyságban

learned Medical doctors of the Medieval hungarian KingdoM. he present paper aims at collecting the particulars of medical doctors of the medieval Hungarian kingdom, primarily the ones belonging to persons who attended a university. he research had to reckon with the fact that the doctors were referred to in the re...spective sources by several Latin names (doctor in medicine, medicus, physicus, barbitonsor, etc.) but not all of these refer to a person who attended a university. We accept only the person as a learned doctor whose university attendance can be documented either by his presence in the matricula of a university or by his degree mentioned in a source. Another attendant problem was the deinition of Hungarian, since, for example, most doctors practising in the royal court came from abroad but owing to their service they often gained Hungarian citizenship or, moreover, nobility. After examinig these questions we managed to collect 69 persons who have evidence of their studies or graduation from 1226 till 1525, mainly from the second part of the 15th century or the irst quarter of the 16th century. heir prosopographical data can be found in the Database at the end of the paper. Most of the students studied medicine in Vienna (22 persons) or at an
Italian university (31 persons) and almost half of them gained a degree (35 persons). In accordance with the present phase of the research most doctors had an ecclesiastical career, mainly as a canon (12 persons), however, a few of them practised as municipal physicians (15 persons).

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A búcsúztató kiadványok szerepe a 16. századi egyetemjárásban

THE ROLE OF SCHOOL-LEAVING DOCUMENTATION IN THE UNIVERSITY ATTENDANCE OF 16TH CENTURY INSTITUTIONS. Hungarian students in the 16th century, especially those attending the University of Wittenberg, were challenged by a continually multiplying textual universe which was based on the multi-level imitation of the anci...ent authors, and which created diferent varieties of imitation from time to time. In the universities, the community of respublica litteraria was made up of professors, their families and also of students. Regarding this particular community, a variety of features surfaced: the development of ‘sodalitates’, letter writing, the humanistic friendship, the knowledge of Latin, or the use of Latin names. he paper highlights the nature of the relationships the Hungarian student group sustained with this imagined community, which was oicially founded in Wittenberg, 1555.

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Bencés diákok egyetemjárása a 17-18. században

THE UNIVERSITY ATTENDANCE OF BENEDICTINE STUDENTS IN THE 17TH–18TH CENTURIES. In Hungary the Order of St. Benedict (Ordo Sancti Benedicti) ceased to exist during he Turkish occupation, and it only reorganized in 1639 at Pannonhalma. he present study reviews the list of monk’s names between 1639 and 1786 from t...he volumes of the orderly history from Pannonhalma. It argues that in the 17th century there were 44 students of the Benedictine order registered at some of the universities of the Habsburg Empire. hese universities were Nagyszombat, Vienna, Salzburg, and Olmütz. he prelatry of Pannonhalma sent the most talented pupils to carry on university level studies. In the 18th century, 48 Benedictine monks attended universities; 40 of them in Nagyszombat, 3 in Vienna, and 3 in Salzburg. Salzburg was the most respected Benedictine university in Central Europe. Quite a few students who studied here played an important role in the subsequent Hungarian history of the order, such as Egyed Karner, Placid Sajnovics and
Krizosztom Novák.

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Az eperjesi kollégium líceumi hallgatói (1804-1850)

THE STUDENTS OF THE COLLEGE LYCEUM AT EPERJES, 1804–1850. his study explores the history of the evangelical college of Eperjes, which was established in the second half of the 17th century and which was one of the most important institutions of higher education in Upper Hungary in the irst half of the 19th centu...ry. In the educational order of the school, which was revived in 1785. Besides classes of basic training a signiicant role was granted to the philosophical, theological, and legal training ofered in the most advanced classes. Utilizing the evidence of the data base pertaining to students who enrolled in the first half of the 19th century, the study conirms that the Eperjes school – as an institution with a higher-education quality – played a crucial role in the history of education in Upper Hungary. hroughout the irst half of the 19th century the school was capable of retaining its unique character, which permeated onto the neighbouring regions, while its educational program supplied the young generation of the evangelical nobility and of the middle class with the knowledge necessary for subsequent careers.

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A magyar felsőoktatás egy fontos intézménycsoportja a királyi jogakadémiák forrásai és feldolgozásának lehetőségei (1777-1850)

AN IMPORTANT INSTITUTIONAL CLUSTER OF HIGHER EDUCATION IN HUNGARY: THE SOURCES SUPPLIED BY THE ROYAL ACADEMIES OF LAW AND THE PROCESSES OF THEIR CATALOGUING, (1777–1850). he main objective of this study is to ofer an overview of the currently available sources which are extant regarding the peculiar institutions... and student population of higher education of the 18th and 19th centuries in Hungary. On surveying the types of sources, it takes stock of the material which is currently accessible to assess the one-time student population of the royal academies of law in Pozsony, Győr, Kassa, Nagyvárad, as well as of the similar royal institutions of Zágráb and the royal lyceum in Kolozsvár. Surveys of this type have demonstrated that in the irst half of the 19th century almost 50,000 students enrolled in these types of institutions. his number by itself tends to indicate that these institutions may have fulilled a much larger role in educating a Hungarian intelligentsia in the Reform Age than one would assume on the basis of a lower-thanuniversity academic level of these institutions.

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A hadiárva és a hadirokkant apával rendelkező hallgatók számának emelkedése az egyetemeken az 1930-as években

AN INCREASE IN THE NUMBER OF WAR-ORPHAN STUDENTS AND STUDENTS WITH WAR-DISABLED FATHERS AT HUNGARIAN UNIVERSITIES IN THE 1930S. he thematic focus of the present study is a somewhat neglected phenomenon: the sudden rise in the number of war-orphan university students and students with war-disabled fathers in the irst half of the 1930s. Durin...g and immediately after World War One institutions of higher education were called upon to accept the enrollment of a large number of veterans who returned from the war with physical injuries and psychic scars: often these ”veterans” were returning war-disabled students. By the beginning of the 1930s the focus of relief of disabled servicemen shifted to those whose father had either died or became war-disabled in the Firsts World War. As early as the academic year of 1929/30 this shift was well discernible, by the 1934/35 academic year, however, there came a steep rise in their relative number. he present study ofers a glimpse at those natural causes and administrative measures that will make it more understandable to sort out the factors at work. It will also ofer an insight into the life and social circumstances of war-orphan students and the ones who had a war-disabled father.

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Fejezetek a huszonötéves krakkói magyar szak történetéből

ASPECTS PERTAINING TO THE TWENTY-FIVE-YEAR HISTORY OF THE HUNGARIAN ACADEMIC PROGRAM AT CRACOW. This study, which also encompasses present-day events, commemorates the fact that in the academic year of 2014/2015 the Department of Hungarian Philology, Jagello University, Cracow, celebrated the twenty-ifth anniversa...ry of its existence. he reader is ofered an insight into the struggles and events in the wake of the establishment of the Department in 1988, as well as into the cultural mission that has guided the Department in maintaining Polish-Hungarian relations. Not suppressing the theme of attendant diiculties, the text radiates a substantial sense of mission and hope, while the author highlights the professional Hungarian program as well as the research activity of the academic staf that has made these projects – and ideas pertaining to the future a realiy.

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A Debreceni Tudományegyetem II. világháborúban súlyos bombatalálatot kapott Orvosi Vegytani Intézete helyreállításának nehézségei – Bodnár János intézetigazgató professzor 1945 novemberi beszámolója alapján

IN WORLD WAR TWO THE UNIVERSITY OF DEBRECEN WAS SEVERELY DAMAGED BY A BOMB EXPLOSION: THE DIFFICULTIES OF RESTORING THE INSTITUTE OF MEDICAL CHEMISTRY – AN ACCOUNT BASED ON THE ASSESSMENT OF PROFESSOR JÁNOS BODNÁR, DIRECTOR OF THE INSTITUTE (NOVEMBER 1945). In World War Two, on September 15, 1944, a severe bom...bing hit struck the Institute of Medical Chemistry of the University of Debrecen, in György Magoss Square. About one-quarter part of the ediice was ruined and a large section of the roofage was destroyed. he source-material is provided by Professor János Bodnár, Director of the Institute, who in the academic year of 1944/1945 also served as acting rector. His submitted assessment, which bears the date of November 30, 1945, describes the diiculties of the restoration, including the long delays in the construction work. he study highlights the diiculties of renovation, as well as the problems of ensuring the basic facilities of education.

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A Debreceni Kossuth Lajos Tudományegyetem archontológiája 1950-1990 V. rész

THE ARCHONTOLOGY OF LAJOS KOSSUTH UNIVERSITY OF ARTS AND SCIENCES, PART V: INSTITUTE OF CHEMISTRY (1950–1990). he Archontology of Kossuth University for the School of Arts, the School of Sciences, and for the So-Called ”Central Units” between January 1, 1950, and December 31, 1990, was compiled on the basis ...of the personal cards and personal iles of the Personnel Department of the Rector’s Oice, and the scantily documented section for the 1950s was supplemented from the annually arranged documentary
material of the Personnel Oice. Even so, however, the existing material fails to be complete. It is impossible to compile the archontology with perfect accuracy. Part V introduces the updated lists of the teaching and non-teaching staf of the Department of Chemistry, School of Sciences, from institute director to janitor.

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Egyetemi legendárium – emlékek, töredékek a Debreceni Tudományegyetem történetéből II. rész

MEMOIRS OF LÁSZLÓ VINCE, PART II. László Vince was irst employed by the University of Debrecen in 1951, as a stenographer at the University Study Notes Oice. When this oice was dismantled, from 1952 he worked at the Registrar’s Oice of the School of Arts. In 1956 he was transferred to the Rector’s Oice, wh...ere, in 1972, he was promoted to head the department of international programs. his position, which he held until his retirement in 1990, was actually equivalent to the rank of rector’s secretary. During his
years of employment he acquired an enormous amount of experience, which was partly due to the fact that in the 1950s he could still talk to the representatives of the previous political order. His detailed but strongly subjective reminiscences – supplemented with necessary footnoting pertaining to the sources used – is published here as the second part of two interrelated texts.

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Bognár Rezső szerves kémikus egyetemi tanár, akadémikus, tudománypolitikus (1913-1990)

rezső bognár, Professor of organic cheMistry, MeMber of the hungarian acadeMy of arts and sciences, scientific adviser. Rezső Bognár was one of the most outstanding students of Géza Zemplén, the irst great educator of organic chemistry in Hungary. When the School of Sciences was established in 1949 at the Un...iversity of Debrecen, Professor Bognár was appointed head of the Department of Organic Chemistry. As a result of this decision, he became the founding father of organic chemistry work in Debrecen. He
was soon elected member of the Hungarian Academy of Arts and Sciences and he served for two terms as Rector of Lajos Kossuth University of Arts and Sciences. Professor Bognár was founding president of the Debrecen Academic Committee, which position he held until his death. It was as the result of his nationally recognized public activity that the headquarters in Debrecen of DAB (=the Debrecen Academic Committee) and the Chemistry Building on the Debrecen campus were erected. He also organized the Antibio tic Chemical Research Group of the Hungarian Academy. he researchers of the Bognár school have brought out over 400 scientiic publications and submitted a large number of patents pertaining to the themes of the chemistry of carbohydrates, antibiotics, alkaloids, and lavonoids.His activities in the Hungarian National Assembly and the Hungarian Academy of Arts and Sciences have greatly contributed to the numerous successes of our university.

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Magyarországi diákok egyetemjárása az úkorban 1–22.: (Könyvbemutató és recenzió)

THE UNIVERSITY ATTENDANCE OF STUDENTS FROM HUNGARY IN THE MODERN AGE, 1–22 (BOOK PRESENTATION AND REVIEW). In this generically peculiar sort of writing, which is ACTUALLY a book review that grew out of the observations at an actual book presentation, is the introduction of an enterprise which is unique even by E...uropean standards. It is a series of books that has been in the making for twenty years under the leadership of Professor László Szögi. he primary objective of the project is to inventorize all those students in Hungary who – between the beginning of the 16th century and the beginning of the 20th century – pursued advanced studies abroad at some European university. he overview evaluates the unique volume of the enterprise, appreciates, without attempting to be complete, its most spectacular merits, outlines the possibilities of the utilization of the amassed data, and highlights, through personal experience, why this unique low of books is so signiicant to the scholars of several areas of knowledge.

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INAUGURATION OF A STATUE OF DR. GYULA ELISCHER (1875–1939) IN THE SCULPTURE GARDEN OF DEBRECEN UNIVERSITY’S CAMPUS. he brief text highlights the inauguration, on November 8, 2014, of a bust of Gyula Elischer of hurzóbánya on the campus of the University of Debrecen. he text ofers a description of the life ca...reer of the world-famous radiologist professor, Hungary’s irst radiographer, his professional achievements and printed publications. he text also underscores the fact that Professor Elischer – like many other doctors of the heroic age of radiology – sacriiced his life in the service of science and of his fellow human beings.

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