GYULA KENÉZY, THE FIRST PHYSICIAN RECTOR OF THE UNIVERSITY OF DEBRECEN. Gyula Kenézy, the Medical Officer of the free royal city of Debrecen and the Director of the Midwife Training Institution was the the motivation behind the movement with the aim to establish the third whole university in Hungary in Debrecen with a medical faculty. Without his work, there would have not been a university in Debrecen for a long time. After the establishment of the university, he was appointed as the Commissioner of the construction and as the irst obstetrician professor. Based on his unquestionable merits, he had received the post of the Rector from the Medical Faculty. In his former residence a museum named after him was established.
DR. KRASSAI LOVAG KERPELY KÁLMÁN (1864–1940) PIONEER OF THE MODERNISATION OF HUNGARIAN CROP PRODUCTION. Agriculture in Hungary – more speciically crop production – dates back to the Roman 17th century. Hungarian agriculture is rooted in Western European agriculture. Its development was started in the Age of Enlightenment, during which the conditions of the modernisation of agriculture were established in the Carpathian basin in the 18th–19th century. Social transformation, the reorganisation of possessions and the establishment of the system of agricultural higher education made it possible to modernise the agricultural sector. In the 1800s, agricultural higher education institutes were esablished in Keszthely and
Magyaróvár under modest circumstances. In 1867, a state-run institution was established in Debrecen where education and research were launched with well prepared teachers who had international knowledge. At the end of the century, Kerpely Kálmán started to work in Debrecen and crop production research was launched with the central topic of analysing the harmonious correlations of the nutrient and water supply of the produced crops. he hundred-year-old results and establishments of this research direction provide a basis for the development activity of subsequent years and the research of its basic correlations. hese scientiic activities are still timely today.
THE UNIVERSITY ATTENDANCE OF STUDENTS ABROAD FROM THE NORTHERN PART OF THE TRANS TISZA REGION 1292–1918. he social and cultural history of the regions cannot be examined without exact information about the school system, the catchment area of the schools and their eiciency in a given region. his analysis includes the examination of the university attandence abroad, especially in case of countries where the university system was established with a delay, therefore university education was a valid option only at international universities. he data relating to Hungarian regions, counties, or cities can be easily obtained from this analysis. he present essay summarizies the university attending practices in the Northern part of the trans Tisza region.
GÉZA LENCZ AND THE COUNTY FOUNDATION. Géza Lencz is mostly remebered as a theology professor who was a determinant personality in the early history of the University and a legendary teacher of the Calvinist heology Faculty. It is not widely known about him that during his rectorship, while he was persistently fought for the main university building being built, a foundation was established, to support the construction work, collecting the donation of the counties for this noble cause. he county foundation, which was clearly his idea and for which he has sacriied so much, could not fulill its purpose, however it became an eicient support system for the deserving needy students.
„DABITUR VOBIS IN ILLA HORA” – NOTES TO THE BIOGRAPHY OF TIVADAR HUZELLA. Certain data from the biography of Tivadar Huzella, the anatomy professor of the University of Debrecen, then later one of the Budapest University, are falsely transferred from one essay to another. he book by Imre Törő puts his birthplace to Nagyvárad, however his family was already living and trading in Budapest in 1886, when he was born. he other false information about him is the date of his death: he died on July 11, 1950 at a reserach station established in his property in Alsógöd. Mostly the right date is used, however Imre Törő, Professor of Anatomy and Doctor of Academy for an unkown reason propagates the date of 1951 through his writings about Huzella.
SCHOOL YEAR OPENING IN 1914. he irst oicial school year opening of the Hungarian Royal University of Debrecen was organized on October 1, 1914 in the Great Church. he event was reported by several newspaper of the time. he detail history of the establishment of the Universiy of Debrecen was irst written by dr. Béla Kun (later known as Béla Szentpéteri Kun) in the Almanach of the Hungarian Royal University of Debrecen in 1914, and published in printed format only in 1916. he third chapter of the essay is available in full text.
ARCHONTOLOGY OF THE KOSSUTH UNIVERSITY OF DEBRECEN 1950–1990 2. PART. INSTITUTE OF MATHEMATICS. he archontology of the Faculties of the Natural Sciences and the central units of the Kossuth University between January 1, 1950 – December 31 was prepared on the basis of the personal documents of the Human Resources of the Rectorate supplemented by the chronological documents of the Human Resource Department. he existing documents are not complete, therefore the archeontology cannot be drawn up completely. he second part introduces the teaching and administrative staf of the Institute of Mathematics in chronological order including everybody from the head of the institute to the administrator.
THE LIFE AND WORK OF BÉLA GYIRES. he research activities of the professor emeritus of the University of Debrecen, and one of the doyens of Hungarian mathematicians included the matrix theory, linear algebra, probability theory, and mathematical statistics. He was one of those outstanding mathematician who did not draw a rigid line between applied and theoretical mathematics. His most important and widely known results were int he ield of linear statistics. Many of his achievements are cited in books and textbooks.
THE HUMBLE APOSTLE OF THE HISTORY OF MATHEMATICS: BARNA SZÉNÁSSY. he essay follows the life of a mathematics professor from Debrecen, Barna Szénássy (1913–1995) from the beginnings. he personal writing decsribes his life phases, teaching activities, the signiicance of his research in the history of mathematics which points beyond our borders, and his colorful personality. he pictures accompanying the essay are rare artifacts from the family archive.
REMEMBERING BARNA SZÉNÁSSY. In relation to the previous essay, the eulogy, presented at the 100th anniversary of the birthday of Barna Szénássy at the University of Debrecen, is published here. he author remembers the outstanding igure of the historical research of mathematics through personal stories of a student, a colleague, and a good friend.
THE HISTORY OF THE UNIVERSITY IN STORIES. he writing remembers the teachers of the Reformed heological Faculty of the Debrecen University in anecdotes. he work and academic activities of the cited professors are commemorated through interesting stories and funny anecdotes. he author describes these professors amicably and amusingly as nice people who seem sometimes rigorous or eccentric, and who strived to maintain the high quality of academic work.
A 100 éves Debreceni Egyetem egyik fiatal centruma: a 12 éves ötkarú Orvos- és Egészségtudományi Centrum - recenzió
A „nyíregyházi modellről” intézmény- és pedagógiatörténeti megközelítésben - recenzió
MEMORANDUM FOR THE NECESSITY OF THE UNIVERSITY ARCHIVE: EXTRACTS FROM THE PRESENTATIONS AT THE CONFERENCES OF THE ASSOCIATION OF THE HUNGARIAN HIGHER EDUCATION ARCHIVES (2008–2012). he author reported on the development of the documents during the history of the University of Debrecen at several conferences, emphasizing the fact that among all the Hungarian higher education institutions, the one in Debrecen has no separate archive. After a short retrospect, the present status of the document management at the University of Debrecen is introduced showing an odd picture of the situation since the doscument collections, although following the rules of the archive maintenance, are still scattered in separate locations. Parts of the collectionscan be found in the Hajdú-Bihar County Archive, in the Central Archive and in the University Library. he review written in favour of a uniied archive introduces the main subject units of the collections.
ANNIVERSARY PROGRAMS IN THE INSTITUTES OF THE 475-YEAR-OLD REFORMED COLLEGE OF DEBRECEN. he Reformed College of Debrecen celebrated its 475th anniversary in 2013. he College is a unique and interesting institute of Hungarian school system. It is a national historical site, where the reformed heritage of the 16th century, the values of Puritanism of the 17th century, and the intellectual efervescence of the 18th century are commemorated. Anational historical site where the victims of the freedom ight for our independence in 1848–49 are kept alive and where the College’s mission to foster talent even during the turbulent times of the 20th century is remembered. Today teaching activities are present on all levels of public and higher education from the kindergarten to the university.
THE 50-YEAR-OLD NYÍREGYHÁZA COLLEGE WITH MULTIPLE ANNIVERSARIES. he essay ofers a short review of the history of the Nyíregyháza College which has several predecessors during its existence, raising the question when and how an institute with at least three predecessors and with multiple functions can celebrate its anniversary? he writing introduces the anniversary celebrations from 2009, 2011 and 2012 and the related publications.