No. 18 (2021)

Published May 31, 2022




  • De bijdragen van Hongaarse studenten te Franeker in het Album Amicorum van Cornelis Burt Andriessen (1781–1782)

    In the summer of 2020, the Album Amicorum of the late Reverend Cornelis Burt Andriessen (1758–1845) came into the possession of the so-called “Academie van Franeker” Foundation. It is kept nowadays in the Library of the Foundation at Franeker. The Album contains six contributions written by Hungarian Peregrini during their stay at Franeker University, 1781–1782, where they met Andriessen as a student at the Faculty of Theology.

  • Schoolmasters of Karcag and Kisújszállás at Western European Universities and Academies Between the 17th and 19th Century

    The aim of our paper is to discuss the significance of particle schools of Karcag and Kisújszállás in 18–19th century education history. Greater Cumania, the region that both towns are within, was almost 100% Calvinist since the Reformation, therefore, examining the influence of Calvinism on the region’s education is crucial. Our purpose is to introduce the schoolmaster’s office, the financial basis, and circumstances of going to Western European universities in the 18–19th centuries, since the schoolmasters of these two towns have not been investigated yet. Our research is based on primary (archival) sources, mainly Hungarian Reformed districtual, diocesan, and congregational documents, canonical visitation records, and protocols. Our paper also provides a detailed prosopography database of the schoolmasters of Karcag and Kisújszállás.

  • Nederlandse walvisvaarders op Nova Zembla: De beschrijving van N. Ozereckowsky uit de 18de eeuw

    The Russian Orenburg expedition made important discoveries in Russia’s inlands between 1768 and 1774. One of the members of the expedition Nikolai Ozereckowsky (1750–1827), who was only eighteen years old at the time, gave a description of Nova Zembla. In 1788, information of local fishermen was added by Ozereckowsky to this description, of which one was a short passage about Dutch sailors. In our article we would like to shed light on, besides the original text, the background of the Orenburg expedition and Dutch whaling.

  • „De Stefanuskroon niet Habsburgsch”: Alternatieven voor de oplossing van de Hongaarse ‘koningskwestie’ en de Nederlandse pers, 1919–1921

    Following the election of Miklós Horthy as Regent and the dethronement of Charles IV, a special public law situation developed in Hungary, during which the state form of the country remained, in fact, but no one had become authorized to occupy the Hungarian royal throne. The fact that a kingdom existed without a monarch in the heart of contemporary Europe served as an almost constant topic for the political and gossip columns of the domestic and international press, and also earned itself a prominent place among the conversation topics in the rather extensive network of European aristocracy. The importance of the Hungarian problem in the post-‘Great War’ period was also indicated by the lively interest taken by the diplomatic corps of some countries of the continent. Of course, many organizations and individuals tried to win their own ideas in the chaotic situation after the Trianon Treaty and get the Hungarian crown for their candidate or for themselves. This study attempts to introduce the Dutch press narratives in connection with the Hungarian ‘royal question’ between 1919 and 1921. During these years because of the fragile post-war Hungarian internal political situation this problem was at its most acute, and when most of the „candidates” and self-candidates for the Hungarian throne emerged. The paper also looks at the background to some of the motivations behind the candidates and how the news was spread in the international press of the time. The issue raised is of particular interest for the Hungarian-Dutch relations for two reasons. On one hand, there was a fundamental mutual sympathy between the two countries during this period. On the other hand, both countries were monarchies at the time, the public perception of a monarchical state about the predicament of another country with a similar form of government can tell us a lot about the public opinion of the time.

  • Hungarica digitalia: Hongaarse bronnen in Nederlandse digitale collecties van archieven, musea en bibliotheken

    We live in a Golden Age for doing research on Dutch-Hungarian relations, as so many Dutch archives, museums and libraries digitise their collections and new research environments became available. The author describes in this article shortly the new trends in digital humanities and introduces recently digitised or born digital material and new available digital collections with Hungarian sources on the history of Dutch-Hungarian relations or at the Utrecht City Archives, The Rijksmuseum Amsterdam, the Amsterdam City Archives, the digital library Delpher of KB – National Library of the Netherlands and the Dutch web archive of the same library.

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