No 66 (2015): Special crop protection issue
Articles

Preliminary data on the effect of semi-synthetic baits for Noctuidae (Lepidoptera) on the non-target Lepidoptera species

Published June 2, 2015
Antal Nagy
Institute of Plant Protection, University of Debrecen, Hungary
István Szarukán
Institute of Plant Protection, University of Debrecen, Hungary
Ferenc Gém
Institute of Plant Protection, University of Debrecen, Hungary
Rita Nyitrai
Institute of Plant Protection, University of Debrecen, Hungary
Bence Füsti-Molnár
Institute of Plant Protection, University of Debrecen, Hungary
Attila Némerth
Institute of Plant Protection, University of Debrecen, Hungary
Lajos Kozák
Department of Nature Conservation Zoology and Game Management, University of Debrecen, Hungary
Attila Molnár
Department of Biology and Chemistry, Ferenc Rákóczi II. Transcarpathian Hungarian Institute, Beregszász, Ukraine
Krisztina Katona
Faculty of Biology, Uzhhorod National University, Uzhhorod, Ukraine
Szabolcs Szanyi
Department of Evolutionary Zoology, University of Debrecen, Hungary
Zoltán Varga
Department of Evolutionary Zoology, University of Debrecen, Hungary
Miklós Tóth
Plant Protection Institute, CAR HAS, Budapest, Hungary
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How to Cite

APA

Nagy, A., Szarukán, I., Gém, F., Nyitrai, R., Füsti-Molnár, B., Némerth, A., Kozák, L., Molnár, A., Katona, K., Szanyi, S., Varga, Z., & Tóth, M. (2015). Preliminary data on the effect of semi-synthetic baits for Noctuidae (Lepidoptera) on the non-target Lepidoptera species. Acta Agraria Debreceniensis, (66), 71-80. https://doi.org/10.34101/actaagrar/66/1895

Abstract

Noctuidae are one of the most important Lepidoptera groups containing dangerous pest species. Monitoring and detection of these pest species is routinely performed by traps baited with sex-pheromones. Baits that attract both males and females were developed for improved pest management. First the effectiveness of different synthetic compounds was evaluated. We also tested semi-synthetic baits that contained both synthetic and natural components (wine and beer). These were more attractive for moths considering species richness and abundance. Disadvantage of this increased effectiveness is that the traps catch more non target, rare and even protected species. In this study we analysed the effect of semi-synthetic baits developed for Noctuid moths containing wine on other non-target Lepidopterans. In the six sampling sites traps caught 17158 individuals of 183 Lepidoptera species. The number of Noctuidae species was 124, while their proportion was 84.4%. The traps caught 813 individuals of 9 protected and 20 valuable species, which was only 4.7% of all Lepidopterans. In contrast the mean proportion of 33 dangerous and potential pest species was 31.3% (5375 individuals). Number and abundance of both protected and pest species were affected by landscape structure. The risks of catching non-target species was higher in species rich natural and semi-natural landscape. In homogenous arable lands the number and proportion of valuable Lepidopterans was not significant.

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