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  • Laboratory investigation of the rediffusion of contaminants originated from the aquiclude
    232-238
    Views:
    97

    Many organic pollutants are released into the soil and thus into the groundwater due to anthropogenic effects (a chain of harmful human activities). Layers with low permeability (e.g. clay) play an important role in blocking the path of these contamintants. However, due to their sorption and diffusion properties, such aquiclude layers can also serve as long-term sources of contamination. Once the layer is contaminated, it is already very difficult to recultivate, and there is a potential for the pollutant to spread to higher permeability layers by slow diffusion processes. This phenomenon is defined as a so-called rediffusion process, in which contaminants are retransferred from the aquiclude to the layer with higher permeability. The purpose of this study is to demonstrate the possibility of modeling this rediffusion process in a laboratory scale and to quantify the effect of influencing parameters on pollutant transport.

  • Potential Impact of Innovation on the Competitiveness of Sports
    666-677
    Views:
    190

    Innovation and development activities related to sports and the tools created during the processes facilitate performance sports players (athlete, coach, sports manager) to achieve outstanding results in their field.

    The success of sport can have a major impact on the social image of sport and its economic potential, and thus on the future of the sport. In my paper, I undertake to introduce the innovation processes associated with competitive sport and the products that result from these innovative activities, and then examine how and to what extent these supplies influence the economic and professional performance of the sports under investigation.

  • Examining the Social Involvement of Sports Civic Organizations
    23-34
    Views:
    145

    Analyzing the information available in the Hungarian database of the CSO, we can see that a significant part of the income of classical non-governmental organizations, especially non-governmental organizations with a sports profile, comes mainly from state or private support. In addition, it can be said that these organizations are essentially non-profit-oriented and play a significant role in social integration and the performance of essential social tasks. Therefore, the relevant question is to what extent and in what way their social embeddedness is realized, in what way do NGOs influence people in the course of their operation? Within this, the study of the social usefulness of sports non-governmental organizations and the sphere of support conditions in the sphere emerges as a priority area. In our study, we undertake to examine the activity of the organizations included in the survey, their social impact and to compare the results with their role in local society. Nearly 50% of the NGOs surveyed in the study have a local scope, and more than 50% typically engage in grassroots and leisure-related activities.

  • Néhány választott egyéni sportág jelenlegi helyzetének és versenyképességének elemzése Magyarországon
    1-20
    Views:
    699

    In the past few years, our country increased importance of sports. 2010 was highlighted in 16 individual sports, which receive state subsidies for the period 2013-2020. In this research we selected the four disciplines of sports - canoeing, modern pentathlon, wrestling, judo - I examined the domestic situation and competitiveness. The sports competitiveness investigated on the basis of their role in the media occupied, according to the method of the International Olympic Committee (IOC). The IOC and the Olympic Games Organising Committee (OCOG) mediation from the proceeds distributed to sports, by way of support. I think it is important to examine the competitiveness of sports, and international jótapasztalatokat used later to propose solutions to increase viewing figures. The first stage of this research, which shows the position of sports Hungary, explore their differences and draw parallels between the similarities.

  • Laboratory Testing of Rediffusion of Contaminants Using DKS-Permeameter
    41-48
    Views:
    118

    Decades long hydrocarbon contaminations effecting heterogenous groundwater systems is a common problem both in Hungary and worldwide. Only the treatment of aquifer layers is possible with remediation technologies, so the contaminations remained in the aquitards are released back to the treated porous layer  after the treatment due to the changes in concentration-gradient. This process is the so-called back-diffusion: as a result, the previously removed contaminations appear in the remediated layer again. In order to get better understanding of the rediffusion process and the influencing parameters series of measurements were carried out at the University of Miskolc Faculty of Earth Science and Engineering using a special laboratory device called DKS-permeameter. With the help of some small modifications it can be used for the modeling of backdiffusion. Artificially contaminated soil samples were built in the DKS-permeameter from which contaminanant release occured due to back-diffusion. The concentration values were determined with spectrophotometric measurements.

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