Kaia L. Magnusen is an Assistant Professor of Art and Design at the University of Tampa. She has taught courses on eighteenth- and nineteenth-century art, modern and contemporary art, curatorial training, and critical theory, among others. She received her doctorate in art history from Rutgers University. She specializes in modern and contemporary art, especially interwar German and American art. Her article “Visualizing Disease and ‘Depravity’ in the Weimar Republic: The Film Roles and Dance Performances of Anita Berber and Otto Dix’s Bildnis der Tänzerin Anita Berber” was recently published in Seminar: A Journal of Germanic Studies, and she is currently working on a monograph on Neue Sachlichkeit artist Otto Dix. Her research interests also include depictions of physical and mental illness in art and visual culture, visualizations of death, interwar conceptions of ideal and “deviant” masculinity and femininity, representations of dance, semiotic theory, and the interactions between art and technology.
Magnusen, K. L. “The Great Men of the Great War: Heroic Martial Masculinity in the Wartime Works of Harvey Dunn”. Hungarian Journal of English and American Studies, vol. 28, no. 1, June 2022, doi:10.30608/HJEAS/2022/28/1/3.
American artist Harvey Dunn was one of the eight soldier artists recruited by the American Expeditionary Forces (A.E.F) during World War I (1914-1918). His wartime works can be situated within the moralizing, Wilsonian rhetoric surrounding America’s entry into the war and linked with a conception of masculinity that was inextricably connected with war service. These images of heroic, martial, American masculinity align with the pronouncements President Woodrow Wilson made to justify America’s participation in the war. They reflect the gendered language and imagery American propaganda posters used to glorify enlisted soldiers as masculine heroes. Rather than portraying German soldiers as savages, Dunn altered this discourse by portraying cowardly German soldiers in moments of vulnerability. Dunn’s wartime images emphasize American ideas of martial masculinity in order to convey patriotic and propagandistic notions concerning the righteousness of the Allied cause, the superiority of American manhood, and the might of the American military. (KLM)