The Founding Experiments of New Technical Universities in the first Decade of the 20th Century. The almost-opened Technical University in Timisoara. Due to the need for industrial development in the era of dualism and the overcrowding of the Royal Joseph Technical University, the founding of the second Hungarian technical university became o
...ne of the most pressing problems of higher education at the turn of the 20th century. The professional public, the Royal Joseph Technical University and the government both imagined the establishment of the institution in Timisoara which was the industrial-commercial center of Southern Land. They took into consideration economic, educational and national aspects as well. The concrete plans were completed by 1917, but due to historical events, the institution was founded only in the autumn of 1920 as a Romanian Politechnic. In addition to Timisoara, Košice was the planned seat of the third Hungarian technical university, but the preparations were not as far away as in Timisoara.
The Royal Joseph Technical University in the First World War. The First World War gave new challenges to the Royal Joseph Technical University: in its functioning (e.g. maintaining a military hospital), in teaching and researching (student soldiers, military-related innovation) and in social activities (livelihood...>in the hinterland) as well. In addition some important education issues culminated in those years: the reform of the technical education system (simultaneously with the formation of the department of economy), and the establishment of the second and third Hungarian technical university. However, the emancipationof women may be considered one of the achievements of World War I, it only partially prevailed at the university. Nevertheless the socio-economic role of the university, including the importance of more-specializedand practical knowledge transfer, was highly appreciated during the war. The publication provides a brief summary of the subject based on those unused sources which can be found in the university's archives.