Évf. 61 szám 3–4 (2022): Új tendenciák a kortárs magyar irodalomban
And what’s your story? Autofikció és hibriditás
Hogyan kell idézni
The paper examines the presence and forms of autofiction in contemporary Hungarian literature. It does not contain a broad theoretical discussion of the genre, as I only aim to highlight some theoretical connections that can be specifically applied to Hungarian works. After a general description of the autofictive works published in the recent decades, three contemporary pieces shall be interpreted. The double narrative structure of Zsolt Láng’s novel Bolyai can be associated with several literary genres. In addition to autofiction, the codes of crime fiction play a prominent role in the work, and the combining and mixing of genres, narrative forms, and discursive modes also contribute to the complexity of the novel. The works of Imre Bartók and Andrea Tompa provoke the expectations concerning the genre of autofiction in a subversive manner. Bartók has already experimented with the possibilities of autobiography and autofiction in his previous novel (Jerikó épül), and his „failure-novel”, Lovak a folyóban also ironically and parodistically uses various narrative forms, popular and high-brow genres. Its autofictive element also falls victim to the satirical reflection on literature as a whole. Andrea Tompa subverts autobiographical facts for a completely distinct purpose and in a different way in her novel Haza. At the centre of the novel we can find questions about the concept of homeland, emigration, homelessness, language, mother tongue and translatability. Vital tools of representation such as omission, concealment, and erasure also render any autofictional approach impossible.