Zoltán Peterecz, Associate Professor, Institute of English and American Studies, Eszterházy Károly University, Eger, Hungary, earned his Ph.D. at Eötvös Lorand University, Budapest in 2010. His main fields of research include American history, American foreign affairs, and American-Hungarian relations in the first half of the twentieth century. His monograph Jeremiah Smith, Jr. and Hungary, 1924-1926: the United States, the League of Nations, and the Financial Reconstruction of Hungary was published by Versita in 2013, and its Hungarian version came out in 2018. His book A kivételes Amerika [The Exceptional America] published by Gondolat Kiadó in 2016 introduced the history of American exceptionalism to Hungarian readers. His most recent book-length publication Forradalmi időkben Budapesten és Bécsben. Egy amerikai katona-hírszerző-diplomata feljegyzései 1919 első feléből [Revolutionary Times in Vienna and Budapest. The Diary Entries of an American Intelligence Officer-Soldier-Diplomat from the First Half of 1919] (Eger: Líceum Kiadó, 2019) is the Hungarian translation of American diplomat, Nicholas Roosevelt’s diaries. Currently, he is working on his forth-coming monograph on Royall Tyler to be published by Helena Press.
American-Hungarian relations were rarely closer on the personal level than in the interwar years. Although the United States followed the path of political and diplomatic isolation from Europe in the 1920s and 1930s, and its absence in the League of Nations was conspicuous, in the financial and economic realm it remained more active, and many Americans worked in the various reconstruction projects across Europe either in their private capacities or under the auspices of the League. Royall Tyler was one such person who spent the larger part of the 1920s and 1930s in Hungary. Since the start of the financial reconstruction of Hungary in 1924, Tyler was a constant participant in Hungarian financial life, a contact between the Hungarian government and the League of Nations, and a sharp observer of events throughout the years he spent in Hungary and Europe. This essay focuses on his activities concerning Hungary’s financial and economic reconstruction and recovery. (ZP)