Vol. 6 No. 1 (2023)

Published April 5, 2023

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Articles

  • EXAMINATION OF FUNCTIONAL MOVEMENT STATUS, INJURY HISTORY AND SPECIFIC MOTOR PERFORMANCE AMONG YOUNG ELITE FOOTBALL PLAYERS
    Views:
    154

    Purpose: The primary aim of this study was to find any relationship between total and selected FMS scores, recent (within two years) injury status, and specific motor performance. The secondary purpose of the study was to examine, wheather is there any relationship between injuries of the hamstring muscle and injuries of the hip and knee joints of the body.

    Material and methods: Youth and junior football players were volunteered to take part in our examination. A total of 45 subjects participated in our study, their age varied from 16 to 19. We implemented a five to one scoring system to identify the status of injuries. Finally, a complete FMS testing and a single leg (unilateral) standing long jump test were performed, involving all participants.Beside evaluating the total FMS scores of the participants, we chose to specifically stress on five test batteries out of seven. Out of the five tests we further focused on three FMS tests.

    Results and conclusion: In this given population, we have not found significant relationship  between total FMS scores and overall scores (5 to 1) of injury status. Our results also did not indicate any significant correlation between selected FMS scores and single leg standing long jump performance.

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  • THE CHARACTERISTICS OF SPORT RECREATIONAL PARK USE IN SZEGED’S ERZSÉBET LIGET
    Views:
    116

    Objective: Our research was aimed to explore the opportunities Szeged’s largest park, the Erzsébet Liget's offers in the area of sport recreation, in addition, the composition, the sports habits, and the contentment of the park's adult visitors who came from nearby and also from more distant places. We hypothesized that the characteristics of access to the park and the characteristics of park use depend on the proximity of the user's residence. At the same time, their socio-demographic features and contentment are unrelated.

    Method: Our primary data were gained using random paper-based questionnaires (N=108). Those people were asked who was doing some physical exercise at various sports scenes in the park. Pearson's Chi-square test was used to explore the relationship between different categorical variables.

    Results: The proximity of the park and the users' place of residence was strongly related to the travel time and the chosen mode of transport. At the same time, it did not show any significant relation to the features of park use for sports. These features, primarily due to the elderly visitors, only impacted the frequency of park visits with an aim other than sport. Also, no significant difference was found concerning the park's proximity, contentment with the services, and socio-demographic variables, although some tendencies were identified.

    Conclusion: The park's proximity did not have an impact of significance concerning the composition and the contentment of park visitors and their use of the sports facilities.

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  • TERRITORIAL BEHAVIOUR AND AGGRESSION OF ATHLETES IN RELATION TO THEIR RESILIENCE LEVEL
    Views:
    200

    We examined athletes’ territorial behavior and aggression and their relationship with resilience. The sample consists of 116, mainly amateur athletes. Our results show a significant positive relationship between territorial need and aggression but only in 'non-material territorial need' from the territorial subscales. Furthermore, we found no significant difference in the relationship between territorial need and aggression comparing individual and team athletes. Resilience was a non-significant mediator between territorial need and aggression. The results may provide helpful information for practitioner specialists and researchers in the applied field, as they both support previous research and attempt to address a new research topic.

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  • THE ROLE OF THE LEADER, MENTOR TEACHER AND PERSONAL DEVELOPMENT OPPORTUNITIES IN THE BIPOLAR MENTOR RELATIONSHIP
    Views:
    94

    During the mentoring work, the question often arises as to how much the mentor becomes a model for the student or intern. What could be the reason why some people reflect the values and models that they represent and thus the students follow and respect them, just by their activities, by the manifestation of their personality, by their existence within the entire school? How can the mentoring task be made more effective? Answering these questions motivated me to prepare the research, the purpose of which is to determine the role of the mentor teacher in the mentoring process and to demonstrate the criteria for the success and efficiency of the mentor-student relationship. To answer the research questions, we conducted a questionnaire survey. In the study, we interviewed teachers and mentor teachers (n=30), of whom 63% were women, 36.7% were men (average age 51, minimum: 38, maximum: 65). 66.7% have more than 20 years of teaching experience. 11.9% of the respondents teach in the field of physical education and sports literacy. Our results showed that the lead and mentor teacher has a decisive role in the mentoring process and his personal influence can be an important factor in the retention of teacher candidates. In the mentoring process, openness to the new, mutual respect and critical, empathetic mentoring behavior are the most encouraging in the bipolar mentoring relationship. Students' self-confidence is increased most by the teacher's encouraging behavior based on professional knowledge. In terms of their own development, mentors are mostly inspired by students with a cooperative, positive attitude, but they are at least as motivated by the student's interest in teaching and becoming a teacher. It is interesting that it is not the powerful managerial control, but the developmental mentoring control that assumes reflexivity that appears during the teachings.

    hu
    269
  • IMPACT OF MACROECONOMIC EFFECTS GENERATED BY FOREIGN HEALTH TOURISTS IN THE PERIOD 2017-2020
    Views:
    127

    Health tourism is one of the defining sectors of the global economy; its growing trend exceeds the growth rate of the world GDP. As a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, tourism and, as part of it, the health tourism sector has become almost impossible. Our research aimed to examine the demand of tourists coming to Hungary for health tourism in the period 2017-2020. Our further goal was to quantify the magnitude of the macroeconomic effects generated by the consumption of foreign health tourists and their evolution in 2017-2020. The basic information of the secondary research was the tourism demand data published by the Central Statistical Office. The KSH data comes from a collection called "Tourist and other expenses of foreigners in Hungary." The information used was downloaded from the KSH Information database. Due to the COVID-19 epidemic, there was a significant decrease in foreign tourist arrivals. The year before the epidemic (2019) was already characterized by a decline in the number of guest nights spent by tourists coming to our country due to wellness tourism and medical interventions. Still, the pandemic resulted in a drastic decrease. Between 2017 and 2019, there was an increase in the national economic effects, and in 2020 there was a significant decline in the number of tourists coming to our country for health tourism from abroad. Due to the COVID-19 pandemic and related restrictions, the proportion of tourists coming from abroad for health tourism has drastically decreased, as well as the total amount of goods they spend in our country. As a result, our country's economic income from health tourism has significantly decreased.

    hu
    118