No. 29 (2008)
Articles

Hungarian total foreign trade after the change of regime

Published July 28, 2008
Zsuzsanna Nagy
Debreceni Egyetem Agrár- és Műszaki Tudományok Centruma, Agrárgazdasági és Vidékfejlesztési Kar, Vidékfejlesztési és Agrárgazdaságtani Tanszék, Debrecen
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APA

Nagy, Z. (2008). Hungarian total foreign trade after the change of regime. Acta Agraria Debreceniensis, (29), 145–154. https://doi.org/10.34101/actaagrar/29/2979

Hungary’s total foreign trade has changed a lot since the change of regime. Several factors played a role in this process. The collapse of COMECOM, set of the world economy, WTOagreement, Agreement of Accession and CEFTA-agreement and accession to the EU affected this situation. After the change of regime Hungary had to react rapidly to these new events: one of the most goals was to find new markets. Hungary’s total foreign trade balance is negative but this deficit has declined after EUaccession. The foreign trade in agriculture has realised positive balance for a long time. This balance is declining after 2004, in spite of that the agricultural export grows, but the import grows more dynamically.
Share of the Visegrad countries – join at the same time to the European Union as Hungary – from Hungarian agriculture exports gets higher, especially in the case of Poland.
Hungary’s trading partners of exports and imports are stabile and they come from old Member States. One hand is positive, but the other hand is not acceptable. It is important to get markets, because we strongly depend on Europe.
The situation of Hungary’s external trade is determined by the future of CAP and WTO Doha Round (reducing of agricultural customs, ceasing of export subvention system and etc.).
Hungary can keep in competition, if it extends its competitiveness, diminishes of costs, and improves of quality, logistic and marketing.

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